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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Immunomodulatory effect of photodynamic therapy in Galleria mellonella infected with Porphyromonas gingivalis

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Autor(es):
dos Santos, Jessica Diane ; de Alvarenga, Janaina Araujo ; Rossoni, Rodnei Dennis ; Garcia, Maira Terra ; Moraes, Renata Mendonca ; Anbinder, Ana Lia ; Cardoso Jorge, Antonio Olavo ; Junqueira, Juliana Campos
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Microbial Pathogenesis; v. 110, p. 507-511, SEP 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Porphyromonas gingivalis is an important pathogen in the development of periodontal disease. Our study investigated if the treatment with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) that employs a nontoxic dye, followed by irradiation with harmless visible light can attenuate the experimental infection of P. gingivalis in Galleria mellonella. Firstly, different concentrations of P. gingivalis ranging from 10(2) to 10(6) cells/larva were injected into the animal to obtain a lethal concentration. Next, the following groups of G. mellonella infected with P. gingivalis were evaluated: inoculation of the photosensitizer and application of laser (P + L+), inoculation of physiologic solution and application of laser (P-L+), inoculation the photosensitizer without laser (P + L-) and inoculation of physiologic solution without Laser (P-L-). The effects of aPDT on infection by P. gingivalis were evaluated by survival curve analysis and hemocytes count. A lethal concentration of 10(6) cells/larva was adopted for evaluating the effects of aPDT on experimental infection with P. gingivalis. We found that after 120 s of PDT application, the death of G. mellonella was significantly lower compared to the control groups (p = 0.0010). Moreover, the hemocyte density in the P+L+ group was increased by 9.6 x 10(6) cells/mL (2.62-fold increase) compared to the infected larvae with no treatment (L-P-group) (p = 0.0175). Finally, we verified that the aPDT led to a significant reduction of the number of P. gingivalis cells in G. mellonella hemolymph. In conclusion, PDT application was effective against P. gingivalis infection by increasing the survival of G. mellonella and was able to increase the circulating hemocytes indicating that PDT activates the G. mellonella immune system. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/26820-4 - Galleria mellonella como modelo hospedeiro para estudo de Porphyromonas Gingivalis: análise da virulência e sensibilidade à terapia fotodinâmica
Beneficiário:Janaina Araújo de Alvarenga
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica