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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The Impact of Ghrelin in Metabolic Diseases: An Immune Perspective

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Autor(es):
da Silva Pereira, Jessica Aparecida ; da Silva, Felipe Correa ; Mendes de Moraes-Vieira, Pedro Manoel
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: JOURNAL OF DIABETES RESEARCH; 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Obesity and insulin resistance have reached epidemic proportions. Obesogenic conditions are associated with increased risk for the development of other comorbidities and obesity-related diseases. In metabolic disorders, there is chronic low-grade inflammation induced by the activation of immune cells, especially in metabolic relevant organs such as white adipose tissue (WAT). These immune cells are regulated by environmental and systemic cues. Ghrelin is a peptide secreted mainly by X/A-like gastric cells and acts through the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). This receptor is broadly expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) and in several cell types, including immune cells. Studies show that ghrelin induces an orexigenic state, and there is increasing evidence implicating an immunoregulatory role for ghrelin. Ghrelin mainly acts on the innate and adaptive immune systems to suppress inflammation and induce an anti-inflammatory profile. In this review, we discuss the immunoregulatory roles of ghrelin, the mechanisms by which ghrelin acts and potential pharmacological applications for ghrelin in the treatment of obesity-associated inflammatory diseases, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/15626-8 - Imunometabolismo em macrófagos e em Linfócitos T nas doenças inflamatórias e metabólicas
Beneficiário:Pedro Manoel Mendes de Moraes Vieira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 17/06225-5 - Influência do Sintético ([Nle4, D-Phe7]-±-MSH no Metabolismo de Micróglia: Possíveis Implicações na Obesidade
Beneficiário:Felipe Corrêa da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado