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Endophytic Bacillus megaterium and exogenous stimuli affect the quinonemethide triterpenes production in adventitious roots of Peritassa campestris (Celastraceae)

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Autor(es):
Inacio, Marielle Cascaes ; Paz, Tiago Antunes ; Soares Pereira, Ana Maria ; Furlan, Maysa
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE; v. 131, n. 1, p. 15-26, OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The root bark of Peritassa campestris (Cambess.) A.C. Sm. (Celastraceae) accumulates quinonemethide triterpenes (QMTs), an important class of bioactive compounds that shows potent antitumor activity. The production of these metabolites is difficult by both chemical synthesis, because of the complex molecular structure, and extraction from plant resources, because of the low yield. Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of some important factors on the synthesis of QMTs to increase their production in adventitious roots grown in vitro. The effects of luminosity, mechanical damage to the tissue, source and concentration of carbon, auxins, macronutrient and micronutrient concentrations and the elicitation with its endophytic microorganism, Bacillus megaterium, isolated from roots grown in vitro were evaluated. Additionally, we compared the production of QMTs of roots in vitro with that of P. campestris roots bark in natura. Our results showed that all stimulating agents affected the biosynthesis of QMTs, with the exception of luminosity. The pattern of QMTs produced was different for the in vitro and in natura roots, including the accumulation of the majority QMTs: the in vitro roots accumulated maytenin (1) and 22 beta-hydroxy-maytenin (2), and the in natura roots showed the accumulation of maytenin (1), 22 beta-hydroxy-maytenin (2), 20 alpha-hydroxy-maytenin (3), and maytenol (4). Therefore, we concluded that the biosynthesis of QMTs by P. campestris roots is affected by biotic and abiotic factors. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07600-3 - CIBFar - Centro de Inovação em Biodiversidade e Fármacos
Beneficiário:Glaucius Oliva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 14/19362-2 - Aplicação da biotecnologia na avaliação da interação planta-microrganismo para a produção de metabólitos secundários em Peritassa campestris e seus endófitos
Beneficiário:Marielle Cascaes Inácio
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado