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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The sanitation and urban agriculture nexus: urine collection and application as fertilizer in Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Autor(es):
Chrispim, Mariana C. ; Tarpeh, William A. ; Salinas, Delhi T. P. ; Nolasco, Marcelo A.
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF WATER SANITATION AND HYGIENE FOR DEVELOPMENT; v. 7, n. 3, p. 455-465, SEP 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Separately collected urine is an attractive potential fertilizer because of its high nutrient content, lowcost, and inherent linkage of urbanwastewatermanagement and peri-urban agriculture. Urine from waterless urinals was applied to corn and lettuce plants to examine the impact of urine application rates and frequency on plant growth and soil parameters. In both corn and lettuce experiments, urine application significantly (p < 0.05) increased growth and leaf production relative to control plants. More frequent applications led to lower soil cation exchange capacities for corn and higher soil nitrogen content for both crops. Based on preliminary implementation calculations, waterless urinals at the University of Sao Paulo (USP), School of Arts, Sciences, and Humanities campus could lead to over 1,500 m(3) of water saved and 360 m3 of urine produced on an annual basis. These experiments and modeling results are discussed in the context of scaling up urban urine collection, transport, and fertilization in Sao Paulo, Brazil. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/50653-2 - Estrogênios ambientais em águas residuárias: analise dos efeitos biológicos, da distribuição dos compostos e desenvolvimento de estratégias de remoção
Beneficiário:Marcelo Antunes Nolasco
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/18241-6 - Avaliação de alternativa descentralizada de saneamento visando ao aproveitamento da urina humana na agricultura de subsistência.
Beneficiário:Mariana Cardoso Chrispim
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica