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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Structural cutaneous adaptations for defense in toad (Rhinella icterica) parotoid macroglands

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Autor(es):
Regis-Alves, Eduardo ; Jared, Simone G. S. ; Mauricio, Beatriz ; Mailho-Fontana, Pedro L. ; Antoniazzi, Marta M. ; Fleury-Curado, Maria Cecilia ; Brodie, Jr., Edmund D. ; Jared, Carlos
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Toxicon; v. 137, p. 128-134, OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Toads have a pair of glandular accumulations on each side of the dorsal region of the head known as parotoid macroglands. These macroglands consist of secretory units (granular glands), each one capped with an epithelial plug. When threatened, toads point one of the parotoids toward the aggressor, and if the aggressor squeezes the parotoid with its teeth, jets of poison will come out of the secretory units and hit the predator's oral mucosa, thereby causing poisoning. Our study focused on the mechanism of parotoid function by comparing parotoids from toads naturally attacked by dogs with those manually compressed. We verified that the process of glandular emptying in response to dog bites is very similar to that following manual compression. We observed that the structure of the plug plays an essential role in the release of the poison jets. Our results suggest that the parotoids may act as ``bulletproof vests,{''} reducing the impact of the force exerted by predator attacks, and thus may function as a passive anti predator mechanism. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/00999-3 - Morfologia comparativa do tegumento e das glândulas cutâneas em espécies de sapos e salamandras sul-americanos e norte-americanos
Beneficiário:Pedro Luiz Mailho Fontana
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/15334-4 - A pele e a defesa dos sapos-cururus (Bufonidae) contra predadores e dessecação
Beneficiário:Pedro Luiz Mailho Fontana
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado