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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Managed forest as habitat for gray brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) in agricultural landscapes of southeastern Brazil

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Autor(es):
Rodrigues, Thiago Ferreira [1] ; Kays, Roland [2, 3] ; Parsons, Arielle [2, 3] ; Versiani, Natalia Fraguas [4] ; Paolino, Roberta Montanheiro [1] ; Pasqualotto, Nielson [4] ; Krepschi, Victor Gasperotto [5] ; Chiarello, Adriano Garcia [4]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luis de Queiroz Coll Agr, Appl Ecol Program, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] North Carolina State Univ, Dept Forestry & Environm Resources, Raleigh, NC 27695 - USA
[3] North Carolina Museum Nat Sci, 11 West Jones St, Raleigh, NC 27601 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Philosophy Sci & Languages Ribeirao Preto, Dept Biol, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040901 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Ecol, Ave 24 A, 1515, BR-13506900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY; v. 98, n. 5, p. 1301-1309, OCT 3 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Because of massive conversion of natural habitat into cropland, the future of many tropical mammals depends on understanding how agricultural landscapes influence biodiversity. We assessed the effects of natural and anthropogenic land covers and disturbances on occupancy of gray brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) in 3 agricultural landscapes in the Brazilian Cerrado where sugarcane or managed forest cover most (> 50%) of the landscape. We used camera-trap surveys to quantify the relationships between deer occurrence and land cover, unpaved roads, urban areas, waterways, and degrees of legal protection. We found a strong and positive effect of managed forests, indicating that this land cover is good habitat for the brocket deer in our region. Native forests and sugarcane had, surprisingly, weaker effects on deer occupancy. Furthermore, the effect of sugarcane varied according to the amount of remaining natural forest: when the amount of natural forest surrounding the camera point was scarce, sugarcane had a negative effect on deer occupancy, but the effect was positive when natural forest was abundant. Our results confirm the ecological flexibility of gray brocket deer, even in landscapes where sugarcane monocultures or Eucalyptus plantations predominate. We caution however that the responses of deer might be different in landscapes more severely depleted of natural vegetation (< 20% at the landscape level). We therefore suggest that future research assess the population status of this deer in more deforested landscapes, and also consider the temporal dynamics of managed forests and sugarcane, as the vegetation cover can change drastically. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/06495-1 - Ocupação de paisagens dentro e fora de unidades de conservação pelo veado-catingueiro (Mazama gouazoubira Fischer, 1814) no nordeste paulista
Beneficiário:Thiago Ferreira Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 11/22449-4 - Conservação do tamanduá-bandeira nos remanescentes de cerrado do Nordeste do estado de São Paulo: ocupação da paisagem em uma região de agricultura intensiva
Beneficiário:Adriano Garcia Chiarello
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular