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Complement and contact system activation in acute congestive heart failure patients

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Autor(es):
Suffritti, C. [1] ; Tobaldini, E. [2, 3] ; Schiavon, R. [4] ; Strada, S. [4] ; Maggioni, L. [1] ; Mehta, S. [5] ; Sandrone, G. [4] ; Toschi-Dias, E. [6] ; Cicardi, M. [1] ; Montano, N. [2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Milan, Dept Biomed & Clin Sci L Sacco, Milan - Italy
[2] Univ Milan, Dept Clin Sci & Community Hlth, Milan - Italy
[3] Osped Maggiore Policlin, Dept Internal Med, Fdn IRCCS Ca Granda, Milan - Italy
[4] Univ Milan, L Sacco Hosp, Internal Med, Milan - Italy
[5] JES Tech, Biomed Res & Environm Sci, Houston, TX - USA
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Heart Inst InCor, Sch Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY; v. 190, n. 2, p. 251-257, NOV 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Recent experimental data indicate a pathogenic role of complement activation in congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to evaluate contact and complement systems activation in patients hospitalized for an acute episode of CHF. Forty-two of 80 consecutive patients admitted at our hospital with confirmed diagnosis of acute CHF were enrolled. They underwent blood sampling within 24 h from admission (T0) and at clinical stability (T1). Patients were stratified for ejection fraction (EF) based on echocardiographic test. We measured plasma levels of C3, C4, sC5b-9 and cleaved high molecular weight kininogen (contact activation marker). At T1, C3 levels increased significantly compared to T0 (97 +/- 2 versus 104 +/- 3% of total pooled plasma, P < 0.01). Classifying patients according to EF, only patients with preserved EF presented a significant increase of C3 from T0 to T1 (99 +/- 3 versus 108 +/- 4%, P = 0.03). When the sample was stratified according to clinical outcome, C3 (98 +/- 3 versus 104 +/- 4%, P = 0.03) and sC5b-9 levels (204 +/- 10 versus 230 +/- 11 ng/ml, P = 0.03) were increased in patients who had positive outcome after hospitalization. CHF patients with preserved EF and positive outcome after hospitalization showed higher levels of sC5b-9 in the T1 period compared with T0 (211 +/- 14 versus 243 +/- 14 ng/ml, P = 0.04). Our results suggest that the complement system reacts differently if CHF occurs with preserved or reduced EF. This finding is interesting if we consider the difference in epidemiology, pathogenesis and possible therapeutic approaches of these two clinical entities. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/17642-0 - Um sistema múltiplo de abordagem fisiopatológica para a insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção preservada em idosos: em busca de novas estratégias terapêuticas
Beneficiário:Edgar Toschi Dias
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/07651-7 - Valor prognóstico do padrão oscilatório da atividade nervosa simpática muscular em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca
Beneficiário:Edgar Toschi Dias
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado