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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biomarkers as indicators of fungal biomass in the atmosphere of Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Autor(es):
Mendes Emygdio, Ana Paula [1, 2] ; Andrade, Maria de Faima [1] ; Teixeira Goncalves, Fabio Luiz [1] ; Engling, Guenter [3, 4] ; de Souza Zanetti, Rafael Henrique [1] ; Kumar, Prashant [5, 6]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Atmosfer, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades, Rua Arlindo Bettio 1000, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Desert Res Inst, Div Atmospher Sci, Reno, NV 89512 - USA
[4] Natl Tsing Hua Univ, Dept Biomed Engn & Environm Sci, Hsinchu 30013 - Taiwan
[5] Univ Surrey, Fac Engn & Phys Sci, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Global Ctr Clean Air Res GCARE, Guildford GU2 7XH, Surrey - England
[6] Univ Surrey, Fac Engn & Phys Sci, Environm Flow EnFlo Res Ctr, Guildford GU2 7XH, Surrey - England
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 612, p. 809-821, JAN 15 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The biogenic aerosol contribution to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) mass concentration is usually neglected due to the difficulty in identifying its components, although it can be significant. In the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo (MASP)-Brazil, several studies have been performed to identify sources for PM, revealing vehicular emissions and soil re-suspension as the main identified sources. The organic fraction has been related primarily to biomass burning (BB) and fuel combustion, although there is significant presence of green areas in the city which render biogenic emissions as an additional source of organic carbon (OC). The objectives of this work are to (i) characterise the composition of the PM10 (ii) estimate the relative mass contribution of fungal spores to PM concentrations with sizes smaller than 10 mu m (PM10) in MASP and (iii) assess the main sources of PM10. To achieve these objectives, we measured markers of biogenic sources and BB, during the fall-winter transition, which along with other constituents, such as ions, organic/elemental carbon, elemental composition and fungal spore concentrations, help assess the PM10 sources. We used receptor models to identify distinct source-related PM10 fractions and conversion factors to convert biomarker concentrations to fungal mass. Our results show the mean contributions of fungal aerosol to PM10 and OC mass were 2% and 8%, respectively, indicating the importance of fungal spores to the aerosol burden in the urban atmosphere. Using specific rotation factor analysis, we identified the following factors contributing to PM: soil re-suspension, biogenic aerosol, secondary inorganic aerosol, vehicular emissions and BB/isoprene-related secondary organic aerosol (I-SOA). BB/I-SOA was the main source representing 28% of the PM10 mass, while biogenic aerosol explained a significant (11%) fraction of the PM10 mass as well. Our findings suggest that primary biogenic aerosol is an important fraction of PM10 mass, yet not considered in most studies. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/23274-9 - Identificação de bioaerossóis de origem fúngica na Cidade de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Ana Paula Mendes Emygdio
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 08/58104-8 - Narrowing the uncertainties on aerosol and climate changes in São Paulo State: NUANCES-SPS
Beneficiário:Maria de Fátima Andrade
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/13650-9 - Biomarcadores como indicadores da biomassa de fungo na atmosfera de São Paulo, Brasil
Beneficiário:Ana Paula Mendes Emygdio
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Mestrado