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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Increased expression of NLRP3 inflammasome in placentas from pregnant women with severe preeclampsia

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Weel, Ingrid C. [1] ; Romao-Veiga, Mariana [1] ; Matias, Mariana L. [2] ; Fioratti, Eduardo G. [1] ; Peracoli, Jose C. [2] ; Borges, Vera T. [2] ; Araujo, Jr., Joan P. [1] ; Peracoli, Maria T. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Inst Biosci, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, Botucatu Med Sch, Dept Gynaecol & Obstet, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE IMMUNOLOGY; v. 123, p. 40-47, SEP 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

Preeclampsia is a pregnancy disorder characterized by imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines associated with high plasma levels of uric acid and Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta). The inflammasome is a protein complex that mediates innate immune responses via caspase-1 activation promoting secretion of IL-1 beta and IL-18 in their active forms, and also release of the high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1). As the placenta seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis of PE, the present study investigated the expression of genes and proteins related to the inflammasome in placentas from pregnant women with severe preeclampsia. Placental tissue was collected from 20 normotensive pregnant women and 20 preeclamptic women, and inflammasome components, NLRP3 (NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing protein 3), caspase-1, IL-1 beta and IL-18, as well as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and HMGB1 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and also quantified by reverse transcription-qPCR (RT-qPCR). Compared with normotensive pregnant women, placenta from women with PE showed a significant increase in NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha and HMGB1 mRNA. Immunohistochemical staining of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha in placental villi, as well as the levels of caspase-1, TNF-alpha and HMGB1 in placental homogenate were significantly higher in the preeclamptic group than in the normotensive group. However, mRNA expression of IL-18 and its protein concentrations were lower in placentas from preeclamptic women. The results suggest that placentas from pregnant women with preeclampsia show higher expression of NLRP3 inflammasome, which may be involved in the exaggerated inflammatory state in preeclampsia. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/24697-8 - Envolvimento de inflamassomo e autofagia na fisiopatologia da pré-eclâmpsia
Beneficiário:Maria Terezinha Serrão Peraçoli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular