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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fertirrigation with sugarcane vinasse: Foreseeing potential impacts on soil and water resources through vinasse characterization

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Autor(es):
Fuess, Lucas T. [1] ; Rodrigues, Isabella J. [2] ; Garcia, Marcelo L. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Sch Engn EESC, Biol Proc Lab LPB, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Geosci & Exact Sci IGCE, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING; v. 52, n. 11, p. 1063-1072, 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

This paper reports the characterization of the polluting potential of sugarcane vinasse, the main wastewater from ethanol production. Compositional data from vinasse samples collected from sugarcane biorefineries were used to predict negative effects on the soil, water resources and crops potentially associated with fertirrigation, the primary final destination of vinasse in Brazil. High risks of soil salinization were associated with the land disposal of vinasse, as evidenced by the high levels of total dissolved solids (TDS; >4,000mg L-1) and electrical conductivity (>6.7 dS m(-1)). The high TDS levels coupled with the high biodegradable organic content of vinasse (>14g L-1) also favor organic overloading events, leading to local anaerobiosis conditions. Conversely, soil sodification should not be observed in areas fertirrigated with sugarcane vinasse, given the low Na concentrations (<66mg L-1) relative to Mg (>145.1mg L-1) and Ca (>458.4mg L-1) levels. Priority pollutants (Cu, Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn) and phytotoxic elements (Al and Fe) were also found in the analyzed samples; however, relevant environmental impacts should not be associated with these particular constituents. Overall, the relatively simple methodology used herein could efficiently replace massive field data collection to provide a basic understanding of the fate of vinasse in the environment in order to highlight the priority points to be considered in the management of this effluent. In summary, the prompt implementation of treatment plants in distilleries, in addition to a continuous and broad compositional characterization of vinasse, is essential to guarantee its adequate reuse. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/04101-8 - Avaliação da capacidade de recuperação de energia em reatores anaeróbios aplicados ao tratamento de resíduos com alta concentração orgânica
Beneficiário:Lucas Tadeu Fuess
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 09/15984-0 - Produção de bioenergia no tratamento de águas residuárias e adequação ambiental dos efluentes e resíduos gerados
Beneficiário:Marcelo Zaiat
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/04636-0 - Adequação da vinhaça de cana-de-açúcar para reúso agrícola: avaliação de diferentes tecnologias de tratamento e potenciais impactos ambientais
Beneficiário:Isabella Junqueira Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado