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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ventral Striatum Functional Connectivity as a Predictor of Adolescent Depressive Disorder in a Longitudinal Community-Based Sample

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Autor(es):
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Pan, Pedro Mario [1] ; Sato, Joao R. ; Salum, Giovanni A. ; Rohde, Luis A. ; Gadelha, Ary ; Zugman, Andre ; Mari, Jair ; Jackowski, Andrea ; Picon, Felipe ; Miguel, Euripedes C. ; Pine, Daniel S. ; Leibenluft, Ellen ; Bressan, Rodrigo A. ; Stringaris, Argyris
Número total de Autores: 14
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Lab Interdisciplinar Neurociencias Clin, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: American Journal of Psychiatry; v. 174, n. 11, p. 1112-1119, NOV 1 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

Objective: Previous studies have implicated aberrant reward processing in the pathogenesis of adolescent depression. However, no study has used functional connectivity within a distributed reward network, assessed using resting-state functional MRI (fMRI), to predict the onset of depression in adolescents. This study used reward network-based functional connectivity at baseline to predict depressive disorder at follow-up in a community sample of adolescents. Method: A total of 637 children 6-12 years old underwent resting-state fMRI. Discovery and replication analyses tested intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) among nodes of a putative reward network. Logistic regression tested whether striatal node strength, a measure of reward-related iFC, predicted onset of a depressive disorder at 3-year follow-up. Further analyses investigated the specificity of this prediction. Results: Increased left ventral striatum node strength predicted increased risk for future depressive disorder (odds ratio=1.54, 95% CI=1.09-2.18), even after excluding participants who had depressive disorders at baseline (odds ratio=1.52, 95% CI=1.05-2.20). Among 11 reward-network nodes, only the left ventral striatum significantly predicted depression. Striatal node strength did not predict other common adolescent psychopathology, such as anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and substance use. Conclusions: Aberrant ventral striatum functional connectivity specifically predicts future risk for depressive disorder. This finding further emphasizes the need to understand how brain reward networks contribute to youth depression. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/08531-5 - Coorte de alto risco para transtornos psiquiátricos na infância: seguimento de neuroimagem após 3 anos
Beneficiário:Andrea Parolin Jackowski
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/50917-0 - INCT 2014: psiquiatria do desenvolvimento para crianças e adolescentes
Beneficiário:Eurípedes Constantino Miguel Filho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático