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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Oral pathology patterns in late farmers of the Central Andes: A comparative perspective between coastal and highland populations

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Autor(es):
Pezo-Lanfranco, Luis [1] ; Peralta, Arturo [2] ; Guillen, Sonia [3] ; Eggers, Sabine [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, Lab Antropol Biol, Rua Matao 277, Cidade Univ USP, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Paleoestudio Peru SAC, Lima - Peru
[3] Ctr Mallqui Museo Leymebamba, Lima - Peru
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY; v. 68, n. 5, p. 343-361, 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Aiming at future comparisons with earlier hunter-gatherers or transitional populations, this paper intends to characterize and describe the oral pathology pattern of late agriculturalists from Central Andes dating to the Late Intermediate Period (LIP) and Inca periods (1000-1532 CE), and identify differences and/or similarities between coastal and highland populations. Although the botanical inventories of the LIP suggest carbohydrate-rich diets and similar components, it has been hypothesized that coastal and highland populations had, nevertheless, substantially different oral pathology patterns. We evaluated 14 indicators of oral pathology from Los Pinos (n = 200) and Armatambo (n = 25) sites in the Central Coast and two chronological phases from Laguna de los Condores site (LC-Inca, n = 23; and LC-LIP, n = 55), in the Peruvian northern highlands. The results showed a recurrent pattern of oral pathologies characterized by cervical caries (above 30%), extra-occlusal caries (above 60%), high rates of gross-gross caries, high frequency of ante mortem tooth loss, and signals of periodontal disease among these four populations. The diets of the coast were slightly more abrasive than those of the highlands. Oral pathology patterns were compatible with a slightly more cariogenic diet in the coast than in the highlands. In all four populations, those patterns were modulated by other common factors such as consumption of fermented drinks (maize beer-chicha) and the coca leaf chewing habit. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/05391-3 - Adaptação e produção de alimentos em baixa escala: Evidências bioarqueológicas em populações pré-históricas litorâneas Brasileiras.
Beneficiário:Luis Nicanor Pezo Lanfranco
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/14799-0 - Modo de vida e complexificação social em grupos pré-históricos de ecossistemas litorâneos da América do Sul
Beneficiário:Sabine Eggers
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular