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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Illustration of microphysical processes in Amazonian deep convective clouds in the gamma phase space: introduction and potential applications

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Autor(es):
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Cecchini, Micael A. [1, 2] ; Machado, Luiz A. T. [1] ; Wendisch, Manfred [3] ; Costa, Anja [4] ; Kraemer, Martina [4] ; Andreae, Meinrat O. [5, 6, 7, 8] ; Afchine, Armin [4] ; Albrecht, Rachel I. [2] ; Artaxo, Paulo [9] ; Borrmann, Stephan [5, 6, 7, 10] ; Fuetterer, Daniel [11] ; Klimach, Thomas [5, 6, 7] ; Mahnke, Christoph [5, 6, 7, 10] ; Martin, Scot T. [12, 13] ; Minikin, Andreas [11, 14] ; Molleker, Sergej [10] ; Pardo, Lianet H. [1] ; Poehlker, Christopher [5, 6, 7] ; Poehlker, Mira L. [5, 6, 7] ; Poeschl, Ulrich [5, 6, 7] ; Rosenfeld, Daniel [15] ; Weinzierl, Bernadett [11, 16, 17]
Número total de Autores: 22
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, Ctr Previsao Tempo & Estudos Climat, Cachoeira Paulista - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer IAG, Dept Ciencias Atmosfer, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Leipzig, LIM, Stephanstr 3, D-04103 Leipzig - Germany
[4] Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch IEK 7, Julich - Germany
[5] Max Planck Inst Chem, Biogeochem Dept, POB 3060, D-55020 Mainz - Germany
[6] Max Planck Inst Chem, Multiphase Chem Dept, POB 3060, D-55020 Mainz - Germany
[7] Max Planck Inst Chem, Particle Chem Dept, POB 3060, D-55020 Mainz - Germany
[8] Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA 92037 - USA
[9] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[10] Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, IPA, Mainz - Germany
[11] Deutsch Zentrum Luft & Raumfahrt DLR, Inst Phys Atmosphare, D-82234 Oberpfaffenhofen, Wessling - Germany
[12] Harvard Univ, Sch Engn & Appl Sci, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[13] Harvard Univ, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[14] Deutsch Zentrum Luft & Raumfahrt DLR, Flugexperimente, Oberpfaffenhofen - Germany
[15] Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Inst Earth Sci, Jerusalem - Israel
[16] Univ Vienna, Fac Phys, Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Vienna - Austria
[17] Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Meteorol Inst, Munich - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 17
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics; v. 17, n. 23, p. 14727-14746, DEC 11 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

The behavior of tropical clouds remains a major open scientific question, resulting in poor representation by models. One challenge is to realistically reproduce cloud droplet size distributions (DSDs) and their evolution over time and space. Many applications, not limited to models, use the gamma function to represent DSDs. However, even though the statistical characteristics of the gamma parameters have been widely studied, there is almost no study dedicated to understanding the phase space of this function and the associated physics. This phase space can be defined by the three parameters that define the DSD intercept, shape, and curvature. Gamma phase space may provide a common framework for parameterizations and intercomparisons. Here, we introduce the phase space approach and its characteristics, focusing on warm-phase microphysical cloud properties and the transition to the mixed-phase layer. We show that trajectories in this phase space can represent DSD evolution and can be related to growth processes. Condensational and collisional growth may be interpreted as pseudo-forces that induce displacements in opposite directions within the phase space. The actually observed movements in the phase space are a result of the combination of such pseudo-forces. Additionally, aerosol effects can be evaluated given their significant impact on DSDs. The DSDs associated with liquid droplets that favor cloud glaciation can be delimited in the phase space, which can help models to adequately predict the transition to the mixed phase. We also consider possible ways to constrain the DSD in two-moment bulk microphysics schemes, in which the relative dispersion parameter of the DSD can play a significant role. Overall, the gamma phase space approach can be an invaluable tool for studying cloud microphysical evolution and can be readily applied in many scenarios that rely on gamma DSDs. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/08615-7 - Processos de formação da precipitação: um estudo sobre a microfísica, a interação com aerossóis e o ciclo de vida da nuvem a partir de medidas de radares e aeronaves
Beneficiário:Micael Amore Cecchini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/21189-7 - Ciclo de vida das propriedades microfísicas das nuvens amazônicas e sua interação com os aerossóis
Beneficiário:Micael Amore Cecchini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/15235-8 - Processos de nuvens associados aos principais sistemas precipitantes no Brasil: uma contribuição à modelagem da escala de nuvens e ao GPM (Medida Global de Precipitação)
Beneficiário:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/14497-0 - Previsão imediata de tempestades intensas e entendimento dos processos físicos no interior das nuvens: o SOS-CHUVA (Sistema de Observação e Previsão de Tempo Severo)
Beneficiário:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático