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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Pathological lesions and global DNA methylation in rat prostate under streptozotocin-induced diabetes and melatonin supplementation

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Autor(es):
Gobbo, Marina Guimaraes [1, 2] ; Tamarindo, Guilherme Henrique [1, 2] ; Ribeiro, Daniele Lisboa [3] ; Pegorin de Campos, Silvana Gisele [2] ; Taboga, Sebastiao Roberto [2] ; Goes, Rejane Maira [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Funct & Struct Biol, Inst Biol, POB 6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biosci Humanities & Exact Sci, Dept Biol, BR-15054970 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Uberlandia, Dept Histol ICBIM, Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Cell Biology International; v. 42, n. 4, p. 470-487, APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Chronic hyperglycemia increases production of reactive oxygen species, which favors carcinogenesis. The association between diabetes and prostate cancer is controversial. Melatonin has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiproliferative properties. We investigated whether low doses of melatonin prevent the tissue alterations caused by diabetes and alter prostate histology of healthy rats. We also investigated whether experimental diabetes promoted the development of pathological lesions in the ventral prostate of rats. Melatonin was provided in drinking water (10g/kg/day) from age 5 weeks until the end of experiment. Diabetes was induced at 13 weeks by administration of streptozotocin (40mg/kg, ip). Rats were euthanized at 14 or 21 weeks. Histological and stereological analyses were carried out and the incidence and density of malignant and pre-malignant lesions were assessed. Immunohistochemical assays of -actin, cell proliferation (PCNA), Bcl-2, glutathione S-transferase (GSTPI), and DNA methylation (5-methylcytidine) were performed. Melatonin did not elicit conspicuous changes in the prostate of healthy animals; in diabetic animals there was a higher incidence of atrophy (93%), microinvasive carcinoma (10%), proliferative inflammatory atrophy, PIA (13%), prostatitis (26%), and prostate intraepithelial neoplasia, PIN (20%) associated with an increase of 40% in global DNA methylation. Melatonin attenuated epithelial and smooth muscle cell (smc) atrophy, especially at short-term diabetesand normalized incidence of PIN (11%), inflammatory cells infiltrates, prostatitis (0%) and PIA (0%) at long-term diabetes. MLT was effective in preventing inflammatory disorders and PIN under diabetic condition. Although MLT has antioxidant action, it did not influence DNA methylation and not avoid carcinogenesis at low doses. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/19467-0 - Administração de melatonina durante a maturação sexual: influência na histofisiologia da próstata adulta e papel protetor contra os danos causados pelo diabetes experimental
Beneficiário:Marina Guimarães Gobbo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/07266-9 - Os efeitos da melatonina nas células prostáticas cancerígenas dependentes e independentes de andrógenos em condições hiperglicêmicas
Beneficiário:Marina Guimarães Gobbo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado