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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fear extinction in an obsessive-compulsive disorder animal model: Influence of sex and estrous cycle

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Reimer, Adriano Edgar [1, 2, 3, 4] ; de Oliveira, Amanda Ribeiro [1, 5] ; Diniz, Juliana Belo [6] ; Hoexter, Marcelo Queiroz [6] ; Miguel, Euripedes Constantino [6] ; Milad, Mohammed Ragib [2, 3] ; Brandao, Marcus Lira [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Neurosci & Behav INeC, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Bldg 149, 13th St, Room 2512, Charlestown, MA 02129 - USA
[3] Harvard Med Sch, Dept Psychiat, Cambridge, MA - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psychol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Psychol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Sch Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Neuropharmacology; v. 131, p. 104-115, MAR 15 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric condition that affects men and women equally, but with a sexually dimorphic pattern of development. Reproductive cycle events can influence symptom severity of OCD in females, indicating that ovarian hormones or their interaction with distinct neurotransmitter systems may play a role in OCD pathophysiology. Clinical studies and animal models have confirmed the importance of the serotonergic (5-HT) system in the neurobiology and treatment of OCD. Accordingly, the non-selective 5-HT2c agonist, meta-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), exacerbates symptoms in untreated OCD patients. In rodents, it evokes repetitive behaviors that engage brain areas that are homologous with those found to be dysfunctional in OCD patients. These regions, including the medial prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices, are also involved in fear inhibition, which is impaired in OCD. Here, we treated rats with mCPP (0.5 and 3.0 mg/kg) to evaluate its influence on self-grooming behavior and assess potential fear extinction retention deficits, taking into account sex differences and females' estrous cycle. We found that mCPP exacerbated grooming in male and female rats, irrespective of the estrous cycle phase. Fear extinction retention, however, was impaired only in females. Moreover, females undergoing fear extinction training during the metestrus/diestrus phases of the estrous cycle were more sensitive to the impairments induced by mCPP. Our results indicate that mCPP can induce OCD-like symptoms, exacerbating self-grooming and impairing fear extinction. It suggests that changes in 5-HT signaling through 5-HT2c receptors may have an important role in the OCD pathophysiology and that the influence of gonadal hormones in OCD should be further investigated. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/20487-7 - Extinção do medo em um modelo animal de transtorno obsessivo-compulsivo: influência de diferenças de sexo e ciclo estral
Beneficiário:Adriano Edgar Reimer
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/21357-9 - Investigação de circuitos neuronais e marcadores biológicos envolvidos no transtorno obsessivo-compulsivo por meio de paradigmas comportamentais de medo e ansiedade
Beneficiário:Eurípedes Constantino Miguel Filho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/04741-5 - Análise da mediação da e 5-HT do filtro sensório-motor e do processamento de informações condicionadas de medo em um modelo animal de transtorno obsessivo compulsivo
Beneficiário:Adriano Edgar Reimer
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado