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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cardiac biomarkers as sensitive tools to evaluate the impact of xenobiotics on amphibians: the effects of anionic surfactant linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS)

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Autor(es):
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Jones-Costa, Monica [1] ; Franco-Belussi, Lilian [2, 1, 3] ; Pinto Vidal, Felipe Augusto [1, 3] ; Gongora, Nathalia Penteado [1] ; Castanho, Luciano Mendes [1] ; Carvalho, Cleoni dos Santos [1] ; Mathias Silva-Zacarin, Elaine Cristina [4] ; Abdalla, Fabio Camargo [5] ; Silveira Duarte, Iolanda Cristina [6] ; De Oliveira, Classius [2] ; de Oliveira, Cristiane Ronchi [2] ; Salla, Raquel Fernando [1]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Lab Fisiol Conservacao, Rodovia Joao Leme dos Santos SP-264, Km 110, BR-18052780 Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista Unesp, Dept Biol, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Programa Posgrad Biotecnol & Monitoramento Ambien, Rodovia Joao Leme dos Santos SP-264, Km 110, BR-18052780 Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Nucleo Pesquisa Ecotoxicol Abelhas, Rodovia Joao Leme dos Santos SP-264, Km 110, BR-18052780 Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Lab Biol Estrutural & Func, Rodovia Joao Leme dos Santos SP-264, Km 110, BR-18052780 Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Lab Microbiol Ambiental LaMA, Rodovia Joao Leme Santos SP-264, Km 110, BR-18052780 Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY; v. 151, p. 178-184, APR 30 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Amphibian populations have been experiencing a drastic decline worldwide. Aquatic contaminants are among the main factors responsible for this decline, especially in the aquatic environment. The linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) is of particular concern, since it represents 84% of the anionic surfactants' trade. In Brazil, the maximal LAS concentration allowed in fresh waters is 0.5 mg L-1, but its potential harmful effects in amphibians remain unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effects of a sublethal concentration of LAS (0.5 mg L-1) for 96 h on sensitive cardiac biomarkers of bullfrog tadpoles, Lithobates catesbeianus (Shaw, 1802). For this, we measured the activity level (AL - % of animals), in situ heart rate (f(H) - bpm), relative ventricular mass (RVM - % of body mass), in vitro myocardial contractility and cardiac histology of the ventricles. Tadpoles' AL and f(H) decreased in LAS group. In contrast, the RVM increased, as a result of a hypertrophy of the myocardium, which was corroborated by the enlargement of the nuclear measures and the increase of myocytes' diameters. These cellular effects resulted in an elevation of the in vitro contractile force of ventricle strips. Acceleration in the contraction (TPT - ms) also occurred, although no alterations in the time to relaxation (THR -ms) were observed. Therefore, it can be concluded that even when exposed to an environmentally safe concentration, this surfactant promotes several alterations in the cardiac function of bullfrog tadpoles that can impair their development, making them more susceptible to predators and less competitive in terms of reproduction success. Thus, LAS concentrations that are considered safe by Brazilian by regulatory agencies must be revised in order to minimize a drastic impact over amphibian populations. This study demonstrates the relevance of employing cardiac biomarkers at different levels (e.g., morphological, physiological and cellular) to evaluate effects of xenobiotics in tadpoles. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57712-4 - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas em Fisiologia Comparada
Beneficiário:Augusto Shinya Abe
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/00946-4 - Pigmentação Visceral em Animais Ectotérmicos: Imunidade Inata e Defesa contra UV
Beneficiário:Lilian Franco Belussi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado