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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Unveiling 3D physicochemical changes of sugarcane bagasse during sequential acid/alkali pretreatments by synchrotron phase-contrast imaging

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Autor(es):
Isaac, Augusta [1] ; Antunes, Felipe A. F. [2] ; Conti, Rodolfo [1] ; Montoro, Luciano Andrey [3] ; Malachias, Angelo [4] ; Massara, Patricia [5] ; Kitten, Gregory [5] ; Markoetter, Henning [6] ; Manke, Ingo [6] ; da Silva, Silvio Silverio [2]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Met & Mat Engn, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biotechnol, BR-1260281 Lorena - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Chem, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Phys, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Biol Sci, Dept Morphol, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[6] Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin, Inst Appl Mat, D-14109 Berlin - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS; v. 114, p. 19-27, APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Several pretreatment strategies focus on the removal of a significant part of lignin from plant cell walls, as it is considered the main barrier to the process of deconstructing biomass to simple sugars by hydrolytic enzymes. The ability to chemically differentiate and spatially locate lignins across cell walls provides an important contribution to the effort to improve these processes. Here, we present a novel approach using synchrotron phase contrast tomography to probe the physicochemical features of plant cell walls. In addition to the 3D cellular architecture, the distribution of dense packed lignin carbohydrate complexes (or, simply dense lignin) over larger regions and within cell walls has been successfully provided. We examined in particular the effect of the sequential H2SO4 and NaOH pretreatment on sugacane bagasse. Our results revealed that aggregates of dense lignin form elongated 3D structures in cell corners (CC) following the orientation of the sclerenchyma fibers; a remarkable result in the light of the conventional perception that lignin particles are discrete and roughly spherical. After the acid pretreatment, a considerable fraction of the dense lignin primarily located in CCs was removed; and it was further dissolved with the subsequent alkali treatment. Unexpectedly, the two-step pretreatment did not contribute to the cellulose accessibility in terms of available surface area and porosity. This study provides new insights into the underlying mechanisms of biomass deconstruction by pretreatments; and the approach established here can be extended to other systems relevant to the bioenergy and biotechnology arenas. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/27055-2 - Intensificação de processos em biorrefinarias de lignocelulósicos integrando etapas de produção de etanol e xilitol a partir de bagaço de cana-de-açúcar em reator de leito fluidizado
Beneficiário:Felipe Antonio Fernandes Antunes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado