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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

PdxNby electrocatalysts for DEFC in alkaline medium: Stability, selectivity and mechanism for FOR

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Souza, F. Moura [1] ; Nandenha, J. [2] ; Batista, B. L. [1] ; Oliveira, V. H. A. [1] ; Pinheiro, V. S. [1] ; Parreira, L. S. [3] ; Neto, A. O. [2] ; Santos, M. C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Abc, CCNH, LEMN, Rua Santa Adelia 166, BR-09210170 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[2] CNEN SP, IPEN, Ave Prof Lineu Prestes 2242, Cidade Univ, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, IQ, Ave Prof Lineu Prestes 748, Cidade Univ, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY; v. 43, n. 9, p. 4505-4516, MAR 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

PdxNby/C binary electrocatalysts supported on Vulcan carbon XC72 were prepared by the sol-gel method. The materials are characterized by transmission electron microscopy, Xray diffraction analysis, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and contact angle measurements. The electrocatalytic activity for ethanol electrooxidation reaction was studied by cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, Tafel slope and accelerated durability testing. The direct ethanol. performance and the products after the experiments were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Pd1Nb1/C (50:50 wt%) shows superior activity for ethanol oxidation compared to the other electrocatalysts prepared in this work. All electrocatalysts containing Nb show the highest current exchange density. The Tafel slope results suggest that the Nb modified the Pd-electrocatalyst to obtain a reaction path with high selectivity with only a single determining step with low production of the intermediates for the ethanol oxidation reaction. The best performance is obtained using Pd1Nb1/C 18.11 mW cm(-2). The Pd1Nb1/C electrocatalyst displays the highest production of CO2 and the lowest production of acetaldehyde. Pd1Nb1/C shows the highest peak current density during 1000 cycles of the experiment and the lowest mass loss of Pd after the cycling test. We find that the Nb modifies the Pd electrocatalysts from the bifunctional mechanism and reduces the loss of Pd during the accelerated durability test. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/00819-8 - Síntese Controlada de Nanomateriais baseados em Pd e Pt: Otimizando Atividade e Estabilidade Eletrocatalítica
Beneficiário:Luanna Silveira Parreira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/21846-6 - Nanoestruturas para a remediação ambiental e produção de energia a partir de fontes renováveis
Beneficiário:Mauro Coelho dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/10314-8 - Nanoestruturas para a Degradação de Fenol, Ciprofloxacino e 17 alfa etinilestradiol
Beneficiário:Mauro Coelho dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular