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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Searching for chemical classes among metal-poor stars using medium-resolution spectroscopy

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Autor(es):
Cruz, Monique A. [1] ; Cogo-Moreira, Hugo [2] ; Rossi, Silvia [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Dept Astron, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Rua Borges Lagoa, 571 Lado Impar, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; v. 475, n. 4, p. 4781-4793, APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Astronomy is in the era of large spectroscopy surveys, with the spectra of hundreds of thousands of stars in the Galaxy being collected. Although most of these surveys have low or medium resolution, which makes precise abundance measurements not possible, there is still important information to be extracted from the available data. Our aim is to identify chemically distinct classes among metal-poor stars, observed by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, using line indices. The present work focused on carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars and their subclasses. We applied the latent profile analysis technique to line indices for carbon, barium, iron and europium, in order to separate the sample into classes with similar chemical signatures. This technique provides not only the number of possible groups but also the probability of each object to belong to each class. The method was able to distinguish at least two classes among the observed sample, with one of them being probable CEMP stars enriched in s-process elements. However, it was not able to separate CEMP-no stars from the rest of the sample. Latent profile analysis is a powerful model-based tool to be used in the identification of patterns in astrophysics. Our tests show the potential of the technique for the attainment of additional chemical information from `poor' data. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/16924-7 - Processo-s em estrelas extremamente pobres em metais
Beneficiário:Monique Alves Cruz
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado