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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

General relativistic effects in the structure of massive white dwarfs

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Autor(es):
Carvalho, G. A. [1] ; Marinho, Jr., R. M. [1] ; Malheiro, M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Technol Inst Aeronaut, Dept Phys, Praca Marechal Eduardo Gomes 50, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GENERAL RELATIVITY AND GRAVITATION; v. 50, n. 4 APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

In this work we investigate the structure of white dwarfs using the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equations and compare our results with those obtained from Newtonian equations of gravitation in order to put in evidence the importance of general relativity (GR) for the structure of such stars. We consider in this work for the matter inside white dwarfs two equations of state, frequently found in the literature, namely, the Chandrasekhar and Salpeter equations of state. We find that using Newtonian equilibrium equations, the radii of massive white dwarfs (M > 1.3M(circle dot)) are overestimated in comparison with GR outcomes. For a mass of 1.415M(circle dot) the white dwarf radius predicted by GR is about 33% smaller than the Newtonian one. Hence, in this case, for the surface gravity the difference between the general relativistic and Newtonian outcomes is about 65%. We depict the general relativistic mass-radius diagrams as M/M-circle dot = R/(a + b R + c R-2 + d R-3 + k R-4), where a, b, c and d are parameters obtained from a fitting procedure of the numerical results and k = (2.08x10(-6)R(circle dot))(-1), being R-circle dot the radius of the Sun in km. Lastly, we point out that GR plays an important role to determine any physical quantity that depends, simultaneously, on the mass and radius of massive white dwarfs. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/26258-4 - Matéria superdensa no universo
Beneficiário:Manuel Máximo Bastos Malheiro de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático