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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

alpha- and beta-D-Glucans from the edible mushroom Pleurotus albidus differentially regulate lipid-induced inflammation and foam cell formation in human macrophage-like THP-1 cells

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Autor(es):
Castro-Alves, Victor Costa [1, 2] ; Oliveira do Nascimento, Joao Roberto [1, 2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Food Sci & Expt Nutr, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo Res Fdn, Food Res Ctr FoRC, CEPID FAPESP Res Innovat & Disseminat Ctr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Food & Nutr Res Ctr NAPAN, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules; v. 111, p. 1222-1228, MAY 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Macrophages play an essential role in lipid metabolism; however, the excessive uptake of modified lipids and cholesterol crystals (CC) leads to the formation of pro-inflammatory lipid-laden macrophages called foam cells. Since the alpha-1,6-and beta-1,3-D-glucans from the basidiome and the mycelium of the edible mushroom Pleurotus albidus have previously been shown to regulate macrophage function, these glucans were tested in macrophage-like THP-1 cells previously exposed to acetylated low-density lipoproteins (acLDL) or CC. The glucans inhibited lipid-induced inflammation, but only the beta-1,3-D-glucan regulated both the NLRP3 inflammasome activation and the expression of genes involved on lipid efflux in acLDL- or CC-pretreated cells, thereby reducing foam cell formation. In contrast, the two alpha-1,6-glucans tested inhibited foam cell formation only in acLDL-pretreated cells and had no effect on the expression of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and liver X receptor alpha genes, suggesting that these glucans regulate lipid influx rather than lipid efflux. Thus, alpha- and beta-D-glucans differentially regulate lipid-induced inflammation and foam cell formation in macrophage-like cells. Furthermore, results emphasize that P. albidus has potential to be used as a functional food or as a source for the extraction of biologically-active glucans. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/05083-0 - Efeito de polissacarídeos de origem fúngica e vegetal do tipo não-amido sobre a função de macrófagos
Beneficiário:Victor Costa Castro Alves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/07914-8 - FoRC - Centro de Pesquisa em Alimentos
Beneficiário:Bernadette Dora Gombossy de Melo Franco
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs