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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Measuring behavioral thermal tolerance to address hot topics in ecology, evolution, and conservation

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Camacho, Agustin [1] ; Rusch, Travis [2] ; Ray, Graham [2] ; Telemeco, Rory S. [3, 4] ; Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut [1] ; Angilletta, Michael J. [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Arizona State Univ, Sch Life Sci, Tempe, AZ 85287 - USA
[3] Univ Washington, Dept Biol, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[4] Univ Calif Fresno, Dept Biol, Fresno, CA 93740 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Thermal Biology; v. 73, p. 71-79, APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Understanding the impacts of anthropogenic climate change requires knowing how animals avoid heat stress, and the consequences of failing to do so. Animals primarily use behavior to avoid overheating, but biologists' means for measuring and interpreting behavioral signs of stress require more development. Herein, we develop the measurement of behavioral thermal tolerance using four species of lizards. First, we adapt the voluntary thermal maximum concept (VTM) to facilitate its measurement, interpretation, and comparison across species. Second, we evaluate the sensitivity of the VTM to diverse measurement options (warming rate, time of day, etc) across four species with highly different life histories. Finally, we clarify the interpretation of VTM in two ways. First, we show the effects of exposure to the VIM on panting behavior, mass loss, and locomotor function loss of two species. Second, we compared the VIM with the preferred body temperatures (PBT) and critical thermal maximum (CTMAX) intraspecifically. We found that the VTM can be consistently estimated through different methods and methodological options, only very slow warming rates affected its estimates in one species. Exposure to the VIM caused panting between 5 and 50 min and induced exceptionally high mass loss rates. Loss of locomotion function started after 205 min. Further, the VTM did not show intraspecific correlations with the PBT and CTMAX. Our study suggests the VTM is a robust and flexible measure of thermal tolerance and highlights the need for multispecies evaluations of thermal indices. The lack of correlation between the VIM, the PBT and CTMAX suggests the VIM may evolve relatively free between the other parameters. We make reccommendations for understanding and using the VIM in studies of ecology, evolution, and conservation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/15754-8 - Consequências ecogeográficas da evolução do morfotipo serpentiforme em Squamata
Beneficiário:Agustín Camacho Guerrero
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: integrando disciplinas para a predição da biodiversidade da Floresta Atlântica no Brasil
Beneficiário:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/01300-3 - Uso das temperaturas voluntárias máximas para relacionar a fisiologia térmica com o tamanho da área de distribuição das espécies
Beneficiário:Agustín Camacho Guerrero
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado