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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The associations between psychotic experiences and substance use and substance use disorders: findings from the World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys

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Autor(es):
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Degenhardt, Louisa [1] ; Saha, Sukanta [2, 3] ; Lim, Carmen C. W. [2, 3] ; Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio [4] ; Al-Hamzawi, Ali [5] ; Alonso, Jordi [6, 7, 8] ; Andrade, Laura H. [9] ; Bromet, Evelyn J. ; Bruffaerts, Ronny [10] ; Caldas-de-Almeida, Jose Miguel [11, 12] ; de Girolamo, Giovanni [13] ; Florescu, Silvia [14] ; Gureje, Oye [15] ; Haro, Josep M. [16] ; Karam, Elie G. [17, 18, 19] ; Karam, Georges [17, 18, 19] ; Kovess-Masfety, Viviane [20, 21] ; Lee, Sing [22] ; Lepine, Jean-Pierre [23] ; Makanjuola, Victor [15] ; Medina-Mora, Maria E. [24] ; Mneimneh, Zeina [25] ; Navarro-Mateu, Fernando [26] ; Piazza, Marina [27, 28] ; Posada-Villa, Jose [29] ; Sampson, Nancy A. [30] ; Scott, Kate M. [31] ; Stagnaro, Juan Carlos [32] ; Ten Have, Margreet [33, 34] ; Kendler, Kenneth S. ; Kessler, Ronald C. [30] ; McGrath, John J. [2, 35, 3] ; Colla, WHO World Mental Hlth Survey
Número total de Autores: 33
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Univ New South Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW - Australia
[2] Univ Queensland, Queensland Brain Inst, St Lucia, Qld 4072 - Australia
[3] Univ Queensland, Queensland Ctr Mental Hlth Res, St Lucia, Qld 4072 - Australia
[4] UC Davis Hlth Syst, Ctr Reducing Hlth Dispar, Sacramento, CA - USA
[5] Al Qadisiya Univ, Coll Med, Diwaniya Governorate - Iraq
[6] Pompeu Fabra Univ UPF, Barcelona - Spain
[7] CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ CIBERESP, Barcelona - Spain
[8] IMIM Hosp Del Mar, Med Res Inst, Hlth Serv Res Unit, Barcelona - Spain
[9] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Inst Psiquiatria, Nucleo Epidemiol Psiquiatr LIM 2, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[10] Katholieke Univ Leuven UPC KUL, Univ Psychiatrisch Ctr, Campus Gasthuisberg, Leuven - Belgium
[11] Univ Nova Lisboa, Fac Ciencias Med, NOVA Med Sch, Lisbon Inst Global Mental Hlth, Lisbon - Portugal
[12] Univ Nova Lisboa, Fac Ciencias Med, NOVA Med Sch, Chron Dis Res Ctr CEDOC, Lisbon - Portugal
[13] IRCCS, St John God Clin Res Ctr, Unit Epidemiol & Evaluat Psychiat, Brescia - Italy
[14] Natl Sch Publ Hlth Management & Profess Dev Bucha, Bucharest - Romania
[15] Univ Coll Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Ibadan - Nigeria
[16] Univ Barcelona, CIBERSAM, Parc Sanitari St Joan Deu, Barcelona - Spain
[17] Balamand Univ, Fac Med, Dept Psychiat & Clin Psychol, Beirut - Lebanon
[18] IDRAAC, Beirut - Lebanon
[19] Univ Med Ctr, St George Hosp, Dept Psychiat & Clin Psychol, Beirut - Lebanon
[20] Univ Paris 05, EHESP Sch Publ Hlth, Lab Psychopathol & Proc Sante, EA 4057, EHESP Dpt MeTis Epidemiol & Biostat Decis Sante P, Paris - France
[21] Paris Descartes Univ, Dept Hlth Epidemiol & Biostat Decis Making Publ H, EA 4057, Paris - France
[22] Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat, Tai Po, Hong Kong - Peoples R China
[23] Univ Paris Descartes Paris Diderot, Assistance Publ Hop Paris, Hop Lariboisiere Fernand Widal, Paris - France
[24] Natl Inst Psychiat Ramon Fuente, Mexico City, DF - Mexico
[25] Univ Michigan, Survey Res Ctr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 - USA
[26] CIBERESP Murcia, IMIB Arrixaca, Serv Murciano Salud, UDIF SM, Subdirecc Gen Planificac Innovac Cronicid, Murcia - Spain
[27] Univ Cayetano Heredia, Lima - Peru
[28] NIH, Lima - Peru
[29] Colegio Mayor Cundinamarca Univ, Fac Social Sci, Bogota - Colombia
[30] Harvard Med Sch, Dept Hlth Care Policy, Boston, MA - USA
[31] Univ Otago, Dept Psychol Med, Dunedin, Otago - New Zealand
[32] Univ Buenos Aires, Fac Med, Dept Psiquiatria & Salud Mental, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[33] Netherlands Inst Mental Hlth & Addict, Trimbos Inst, Utrecht - Netherlands
[34] Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Dept Psychiat, Richmond, VA 23284 - USA
[35] Aarhus Univ, Aarhus BSS, Natl Ctr Register Based Res, Aarhus - Denmark
Número total de Afiliações: 35
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ADDICTION; v. 113, n. 5, p. 924-934, MAY 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Background and aims Prior research has found bidirectional associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and selected substance use disorders. We aimed to extend this research by examining the bidirectional association between PEs and various types of substance use (SU) and substance use disorders (SUDs), and the influence of antecedent mental disorders on these associations. Design, setting, participants and measurements We used data from the World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys. A total of 30902 adult respondents across 18 countries were assessed for (a) six types of life-time PEs, (b) a range of types of SU and DSM-IV SUDs and (c) mental disorders using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Discrete-time survival analyses based on retrospective age-at-onset reports examined the bidirectional associations between PEs and SU/SUDs controlling for antecedent mental disorders. Findings After adjusting for demographics, comorbid SU/SUDs and antecedent mental disorders, those with prior alcohol use disorders {[}odds ratio (OR)=1.6, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.2-2.0], extra-medical prescription drug use (OR=1.5, 95% CI=1.1-1.9), alcohol use (OR=1.4, 95% CI=1.1-1.7) and tobacco use (OR=1.3, 95% CI=1.0-1.8) had increased odds of subsequent first onset of PEs. In contrast, those with temporally prior PEs had increased odds of subsequent onset of tobacco use (OR=1.5, 95% CI=1.2-1.9), alcohol use (OR=1.3, 95% CI=1.1-1.6) or cannabis use (OR=1.3, 95% CI=1.0-1.5) as well as of all substance use disorders (ORs ranged between 1.4 and 1.5). There was a dose response relationship between both count and frequency of PEs and increased subsequent odds of selected SU/SUDs. Conclusions Associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and substance use/substance use disorders (SU/SUDs) are often bidirectional, but not all types of SU/SUDs are associated with PEs. These findings suggest that it is important to be aware of the presence of PEs within those with SUDs or at risk of SUDs, given the plausibility that they may each impact upon the other. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/00204-3 - Estudo epidemiológico dos transtornos psiquiátricos na região metropolitana de São Paulo: prevalências, fatores de risco e sobrecarga social e econômica
Beneficiário:Laura Helena Silveira Guerra de Andrade Burdmann
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático