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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Trauma and PTSD in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

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Autor(es):
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Kessler, Ronald C. [1] ; Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio [2] ; Alonso, Jordi [3, 4, 5] ; Benjet, Corina [6] ; Bromet, Evelyn J. [7] ; Cardoso, Graca [8, 9] ; Degenhardt, Louisa [10] ; de Girolamo, Giovanni [11] ; Dinolova, Rumyana V. [12] ; Ferry, Finola [13] ; Florescu, Silvia [14] ; Gureje, Oye [15] ; Maria Haro, Josep [16] ; Huang, Yueqin [17] ; Karam, Elie G. [18, 19, 20] ; Kawakami, Norito [21] ; Lee, Sing [22] ; Lepine, Jean-Pierre [23, 24] ; Levinson, Daphna [25] ; Navarro-Mateu, Fernando [26] ; Pennell, Beth-Ellen [27] ; Piazza, Marina [28, 29] ; Posada-Villa, Jose [30] ; Scott, Kate M. [31] ; Stein, Dan J. [32] ; Ten Have, Margreet [33] ; Torres, Yolanda [34] ; Viana, Maria Carmen [35] ; Petukhova, Maria V. [1] ; Sampson, Nancy A. [1] ; Zaslavsky, Alan M. [1] ; Koenen, Karestan C. [36] ; Survey, WHO World Mental Hlth
Número total de Autores: 33
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Harvard Med Sch, Dept Hlth Care Policy, 180 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
[2] UC Davis Hlth Syst, Ctr Reducing Hlth Dispar, Sacramento, CA - USA
[3] CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ CIBERESP, Barcelona - Spain
[4] IMIM Hosp del Mar Med Res Inst, Hlth Serv Res Unit, Barcelona - Spain
[5] Pompeu Fabra Univ, Dept Ciencies Expt & Salut, Barcelona - Spain
[6] Natl Inst Psychiat Ramon de la Fuente Muniz, Dept Epidemiol & Psychosocial Res, Mexico City, DF - Mexico
[7] SUNY Stony Brook, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Stony Brook, NY 11794 - USA
[8] Univ Nova Lisboa, Nova Med Sch, Lisbon Inst Global Mental Hlth, Lisbon - Portugal
[9] Univ Nova Lisboa, Nova Med Sch, Chron Dis Res Ctr CEDOC, Lisbon - Portugal
[10] Univ New South Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW - Australia
[11] St John God Clin Res Ctr, IRCCS, Unit Epidemiol & Evaluat Psychiat, Brescia - Italy
[12] Natl Ctr Publ Hlth & Anal, Sect Mental Hlth, Sofia - Bulgaria
[13] Ulster Univ, Bamford Ctr Mental Hlth & Wellbeing, Coleraine, Londonderry - North Ireland
[14] Natl Sch Publ Hlth Management & Dev, Bucharest - Romania
[15] Univ Coll Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Ibadan - Nigeria
[16] Univ Barcelona, CIBERSAM, Parc Sanitari St Joan de Deu, Barcelona - Spain
[17] Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing - Peoples R China
[18] Balamand Univ, Fac Med, Dept Psychiat & Clin Psychol, Beirut - Lebanon
[19] IDRAAC, Beirut - Lebanon
[20] St George Hosp Univ Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat & Clin Psychol, Beirut - Lebanon
[21] Univ Tokyo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Mental Hlth, Tokyo - Japan
[22] Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat, Tai Po, Hong Kong - Peoples R China
[23] Hop Lariboisiere Fernand Widal, AP HP, Psychiat Nonsectorisee, Paris - France
[24] Univ Paris Descartes Paris Diderot, INSERM UMR S 1144, Paris - France
[25] Minist Hlth, Mental Hlth Serv, Jerusalem - Israel
[26] CIBERESP Murcia, IMIB Arrixaca, UDIF SM, Subdirecc Gen Planificac Innovac & Cronicidad, Ser, Murcia - Spain
[27] Univ Michigan, Inst Social Res, Survey Res Ctr, Ann Arbor, MI - USA
[28] Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Dept Acad Salud Publ Adm & Ciencias Sociales, Lima - Peru
[29] Natl Inst Hlth, Unidad Anal & Generac Evidencias Salud Publ UNAGE, Lima - Peru
[30] Cundinamarca Univ, Fac Social Sci, Colegio Mayor, Bogota - Colombia
[31] Univ Otago, Dept Psychol Med, Dunedin - New Zealand
[32] Univ Cape Town, Dept Psychiat & Mental Hlth, Cape Town - South Africa
[33] Netherlands Inst Mental Hlth & Addict, Dept Epidemiol, Trimbos Inst, Utrecht - Netherlands
[34] CES Univ, Ctr Excellence Res Mental Hlth, Medellin - Colombia
[35] Univ Fed Espirito Santo, Dept Social Med, Vitoria - Brazil
[36] Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 36
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY; v. 8, n. 5, SI 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 90
Resumo

Background: Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) onset-persistence is thought to vary significantly by trauma type, most epidemiological surveys are incapable of assessing this because they evaluate lifetime PTSD only for traumas nominated by respondents as their `worst.' Objective: To review research on associations of trauma type with PTSD in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys, a series of epidemiological surveys that obtained representative data on trauma-specific PTSD. Method: WMH Surveys in 24 countries (n = 68,894) assessed 29 lifetime traumas and evaluated PTSD twice for each respondent: once for the `worst' lifetime trauma and separately for a randomly-selected trauma with weighting to adjust for individual differences in trauma exposures. PTSD onset-persistence was evaluated with the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Results: In total, 70.4% of respondents experienced lifetime traumas, with exposure averaging 3.2 traumas per capita. Substantial between-trauma differences were found in PTSD onset but less in persistence. Traumas involving interpersonal violence had highest risk. Burden of PTSD, determined by multiplying trauma prevalence by trauma-specific PTSD risk and persistence, was 77.7 person-years/100 respondents. The trauma types with highest proportions of this burden were rape (13.1%), other sexual assault (15.1%), being stalked (9.8%), and unexpected death of a loved one (11.6%). The first three of these four represent relatively uncommon traumas with high PTSD risk and the last a very common trauma with low PTSD risk. The broad category of intimate partner sexual violence accounted for nearly 42.7% of all person-years with PTSD. Prior trauma history predicted both future trauma exposure and future PTSD risk. Conclusions: Trauma exposure is common throughout the world, unequally distributed, and differential across trauma types with respect to PTSD risk. Although a substantial minority of PTSD cases remits within months after onset, mean symptom duration is considerably longer than previously recognized. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/00204-3 - Estudo epidemiológico dos transtornos psiquiátricos na região metropolitana de São Paulo: prevalências, fatores de risco e sobrecarga social e econômica
Beneficiário:Laura Helena Silveira Guerra de Andrade Burdmann
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático