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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Crepuscular pollination and reproductive ecology of Trembleya laniflora (Melastomataceae), an endemic species in mountain rupestrian grasslands

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Soares, Natalia Costa [1] ; Cerdeira Morellato, Leonor Patricia [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, Lab Fenol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FLORA; v. 238, n. SI, p. 138-147, JAN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The pollination syndrome hypothesis predicts a direct relationship between a set of floral characters and the principal pollinating agent. The presence of flowers with poricidal anthers, heterostemony and pollen as the only reward are common traits in Melastomataceae species and are associated with buzz pollination by bees. Trembleya laniflora Cong. (Melastomataceae: Microlicieae) is an endemic species from campo rupestre tropical grassland, with large and white pollen flowers differing from the common purple-colored flowers of the Tribe. We examine the relationship between the distinct floral characteristics of T. laniflora and its pollination syndrome and reproduction ecology. We observed different individuals of T. laniflora randomly sampled in Serra do Cipo, Espinhaco Range, Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. We carried out observations on their reproductive phenology (31 individuals), flower biology (3), pollination (23), and tested the reproductive system (29). Trembleya laniflora presented a seasonal flowering pattern in the dry and post-dry seasons (MayOctober) and set fruits during the dry, post-dry and rainy seasons (June-December). Floral aperture occurred mainly during the night and the first hours of the morning, the period with the greatest availability of fresh flowers and with the highest visitation by Xylocopa bimaculata. Tests identified the species as non-apomictic, self-incompatible and dependent on large bees such as Xylocopa, Bombus, Centris and Ptiloglossa for pollination. Trembleya laniflora showed a specialized pollination system mediated by a restricted group of bees that perform crepuscular buzz pollination. Floral characteristics and reproductive biology of T. laniflora are likely adaptive responses to pollination by large bees foraging during the crepuscular hours. Our results support the pollination syndrome hypothesis, demonstrating a direct relationship between a set of floral characters and the principal pollinators of the species. Dependence on interbreeding may promote outcrossing within and among the endemic populations, naturally isolated on rocky outcrops. (c) 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50155-0 - Combining new technologies to monitor phenology from leaves to ecosystems
Beneficiário:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - PITE
Processo FAPESP: 09/54208-6 - EMU: Laboratório Multiusuário Centralizado do Núcleo de Estudos em Biodiversidade da UNESP
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 10/51307-0 - Diversidade florística e padrões sazonais dos campos rupestres e cerrado
Beneficiário:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Parceria para Inovação Tecnológica - PITE