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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

When time affects space: Dispersal ability and extreme weather events determine metacommunity organization in marine sediments

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Autor(es):
Corte, Guilherme N. [1, 2] ; Goncalves-Souza, Thiago [3] ; Checon, Helio H. [1] ; Siegle, Eduardo [4] ; Coleman, Ross A. [5] ; Amaral, A. Cecilia Z. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Oceanog Biol, Inst Oceanog, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco, Phylogenet & Funct Ecol Lab ECOFFUN, Area Ecol, Dept Biol, Recife, Pe - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Dept Oceanog Fis Quim & Geol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sydney, Sch Life & Environm Sci, Coastal & Marine Ecosyst Grp, Sydney, NSW - Australia
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH; v. 136, p. 139-152, MAY 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Community ecology has traditionally assumed that the distribution of species is mainly influenced by environmental processes. There is, however, growing evidence that environmental (habitat characteristics and biotic interactions) and spatial processes (factors that affect a local assemblage regardless of environmental conditions - typically related to dispersal and movement of species) interactively shape biological assemblages. A metacommunity, which is a set of local assemblages connected by dispersal of individuals, is spatial in nature and can be used as a straightforward approach for investigating the interactive and independent effects of both environmental and spatial processes. Here, we examined (i) how environmental and spatial processes affect the metacommunity organization of marine macroinvertebrates inhabiting the intertidal sediments of a biodiverse coastal ecosystem; (ii) whether the influence of these processes is constant through time or is affected by extreme weather events (storms); and (iii) whether the relative importance of these processes depends on the dispersal abilities of organisms. We found that macrobenthic assemblages are influenced by each of environmental and spatial variables; however, spatial processes exerted a stronger role. We also found that this influence changes through time and is modified by storms. Moreover, we observed that the influence of environmental and spatial processes varies according to the dispersal capabilities of organisms. More effective dispersers (i.e., species with planktonic larvae) are more affected by spatial processes whereas environmental variables had a stronger effect on weaker dispersers (i.e. species with low motility in larval and adult stages). These findings highlight that accounting for spatial processes and differences in species life histories is essential to improve our understanding of species distribution and coexistence patterns in intertidal soft-sediments. Furthermore, it shows that storms modify the structure of coastal assemblages. Given that the influence of spatial and environmental processes is not consistent through time, it is of utmost importance that future studies replicate sampling over different periods so the influence of temporal and stochastic factors on macrobenthic metacommunities can be better understood. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50317-5 - Biodiversidade e funcionamento de um ecossistema costeiro subtropical: subsídios para gestão integrada
Beneficiário:Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/10810-8 - Ecologia bêntica da Baía do Araçá: análise da fauna associada ao sedimento e da relação ambiente biodiversidade
Beneficiário:Guilherme Nascimento Corte
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/10130-3 - Comunidades macrobentônicas de fundos inconsolidados da Baía do Araçá, Litoral Norte de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Guilherme Nascimento Corte
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/17071-9 - Preservando praias arenosas: biodiversidade, bens e serviços e impactos em um ecossistema negligenciado
Beneficiário:Guilherme Nascimento Corte
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado