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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Sloshing in its cD halo: MUSE kinematics of the central galaxy NGC 3311 in the Hydra I cluster

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Autor(es):
Barbosa, C. E. [1] ; Arnaboldi, M. [2, 3] ; Coccato, L. [2] ; Gerhard, O. [4] ; Mendes de Oliveira, C. [1] ; Hilker, M. [2] ; Richtler, T. [5]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, IAG, Dept Astron, Rua Matao 1226, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] European Southern Observ, Karl Schwarzschild Str 2, D-85748 Garching - Germany
[3] INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, STr Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese - Italy
[4] Max Planck Inst Extraterr Phys, Giessenbachstr, D-85741 Garching - Germany
[5] Univ Concepcion, Dept Astron, Concepcion - Chile
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 609, JAN 11 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Context. Early-type galaxies (ETGs) show a strong size evolution with redshift. This evolution is explained by fast ``in-situ{''} star formation at high-z followed by a late mass assembly mostly driven by minor mergers that deposit stars primarily in the outer halo. Aims. We aim to identify the main structural components of the Hydra I cD galaxy NGC 3311 to investigate the connection between the central galaxy and the surrounding stellar halo. Methods. We produce maps of the line-of-sight velocity distribution (LOSVD) moments from a mosaic of MUSE pointings covering NGC 3311 out to 25 kpc. Combining deep photometric and spectroscopic data, we model the LOSVD maps using a finite mixture distribution, including four non-concentric components that are nearly isothermal spheroids, with di ff erent line-of-sight systemic velocities V, velocity dispersions sigma, and small (constant) values of the higher order Gauss-Hermite moments h(3) and h(4). Results. The kinemetry analysis indicates that NGC 3311 is classified as a slow rotator, although the galaxy shows a line-of-sight velocity gradient along the photometric major axis. The comparison of the correlations between h(3) and h(4) with V/sigma with simulated galaxies indicates that NGC 3311 assembled mainly through dry mergers. The sigma profile rises to similar or equal to 400 km s(-1) at 20 kpc, a significant fraction (0.55) of the Hydra I cluster velocity dispersion, indicating that stars there were stripped from progenitors orbiting in the cluster core. The finite mixture distribution modeling supports three inner components related to the central galaxy and a fourth component with large e ff ective radius (51 kpc) and velocity dispersion (327 km s(-1)) consistent with a cD envelope. We find that the cD envelope is o ff set from the center of NGC 3311 both spatially (8.6 kpc) and in velocity (Delta V = 204 km s(-1)), but coincides with the cluster core X-ray isophotes and the mean velocity of core galaxies. Also, the envelope contributes to the broad wings of the LOSVD measured by large h(4) values within 10 kpc. Conclusions. The cD envelope of NGC 3311 is dynamically associated with the cluster core, which in Hydra I is in addition displaced from the cluster center, presumably due to a recent subcluster merger. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/21325-0 - Cinemática e populações estelares de grupos próximos
Beneficiário:Carlos Eduardo Barbosa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/54202-8 - EMU: aquisição de um telescópio robótico para a comunidade astronômica brasileira
Beneficiário:Claudia Lucia Mendes de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 16/12331-0 - Evolução de galáxias em diferentes meio ambientes usando cinemática e populações estelares espacialmente resolvidas
Beneficiário:Carlos Eduardo Barbosa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/17119-9 - O estudo de galáxias em grupos com o SAM-FP e o T80-sul e a construção do telescópio ABRAS T100
Beneficiário:Claudia Lucia Mendes de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular