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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Isoprene photo-oxidation products quantify the effect of pollution on hydroxyl radicals over Amazonia

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Autor(es):
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Liu, Yingjun [1, 2] ; Seco, Roger [3] ; Kim, Saewung [3] ; Guenther, Alex B. [3] ; Goldstein, Allen H. [1] ; Keutsch, Frank N. [2, 4] ; Springston, Stephen R. [5] ; Watson, Thomas B. [5] ; Artaxo, Paulo [6] ; Souza, Rodrigo A. F. [7] ; McKinney, Karena A. [2, 8] ; Martin, Scot T. [2, 9]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 - USA
[2] Harvard Univ, Sch Engn & Appl Sci, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[3] Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Earth Syst Sci, Irvine, CA 92697 - USA
[4] Harvard Univ, Dept Chem & Chem Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[5] Brookhaven Natl Lab, Dept Environm & Climate Sci, Upton, NY 11973 - USA
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Appl Phys, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Amazonas State Univ, Dept Appl Phys, BR-69050 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[8] Colby Coll, Dept Chem, Waterville, ME 04901 - USA
[9] Harvard Univ, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENCE ADVANCES; v. 4, n. 4 APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Nitrogen oxides (NOx) emitted from human activities are believed to regulate the atmospheric oxidation capacity of the troposphere. However, observational evidence is limited for the low-to-median NOx concentrations prevalent outside of polluted regions. Directly measuring oxidation capacity, represented primarily by hydroxyl radicals (OH), is challenging, and the span in NOx concentrations at a single observation site is often not wide. Concentrations of isoprene and its photo-oxidation products were used to infer the equivalent noontime OH concentrations. The fetch at an observation site in central Amazonia experienced varied contributions from background regional air, urban pollution, and biomass burning. The afternoon concentrations of reactive nitrogen oxides (NOy), indicative of NOx exposure during the preceding few hours, spanned from 0.3 to 3.5 parts per billion. Accompanying the increase of NOy concentration, the inferred equivalent noontime OH concentrations increased by at least 250% from 0.6 x 10(6) to 1.6 x 10(6) cm(-3). The conclusion is that, compared to background conditions of low NOx concentrations over the Amazon forest, pollution increased NOx concentrations and amplified OH concentrations, indicating the susceptibility of the atmospheric oxidation capacity over the forest to anthropogenic influence and reinforcing the important role of NOx in sustaining OH concentrations. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/17047-0 - O ciclo de vida de aerossóis e nuvens na Amazônia: emissões biogênicas, emissões de queimadas e impactos no ecossistema
Beneficiário:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático