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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nitrogen fixation rate of Acacia mangium Wild at mid rotation in Brazil is higher in mixed plantations with Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden than in monocultures

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Paula, Ranieri R. [1, 2] ; Bouillet, Jean-Pierre [1, 3] ; Goncalves, Jose L. de M. [1] ; Trivelin, Paulo C. O. [4] ; Balieiro, Fabiano de C. [5] ; Nouvellon, Yann [1, 3] ; Oliveira, Julianne de C. [1] ; de Deus Junior, Jose C. [1, 6] ; Bordron, Bruno [1] ; Laclau, Jean-Paul [3, 6]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Ciencias Florestais, Av Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] UFES, Dept Ciencias Florestais & Madeira, Av Governador Carlos Lindemberg 316, BR-29550000 Jeronimo Monteiro, Espirito Santo - Brazil
[3] Univ Montpellier, Montpellier SupAgro, CIRAD, INRA, Eco&Sols, IRD, Montpellier - France
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, CENA, Div Desenvolvimento Tecn Analit & Nucl, Av Centenario 303, BR-13416000 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[5] Embrapa Solos, Rua Jardim Bot 1024, BR-22460000 Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[6] UNESP, Dept Solos & Recursos Ambientais, Rua Jose Barbosa de Barros 1780, BR-18610307 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE; v. 75, n. 1 MAR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Key message Inter-specific interactions with eucalypts in mixed plantations increased N-2 fixation rate of acacia trees compared to monocultures. N-2 fixation was higher during the wet summer than during the dry winter both in acacia monocultures and in mixed plantations. Context Introducing N-fixing trees in fast-growing tropical plantations may contribute to reducing the long-term requirements of N fertilizers. Management practices established in forest monocultures should be revisited in mixed-species plantations. Aims This field experiment aimed to compare N-2 fixation rates of Acacia mangium Wild in monospecific stands and in mixed-species stands with Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden. A secondary objective was to gain insight into the seasonal variations of N-2 fixation. Methods N-15 was applied to acacia and eucalypt monocultures and mixed-species with a 1: 1 ratio at mid rotation. Leaves were collected in autumn, winter, spring, and summer to determine the foliar N concentrations and N-15 atom fraction. The N content in the above-ground biomass was estimated as well as the percentage of N derived from atmospheric N-2 (%Ndfa) using eucalypts in monoculture as reference plants. Results %Ndfa values averaged over the year were 14% in monoculture and 44% in mixed-species stands. While the stocking density of acacia trees was twice as high in monoculture as in mixture, the amounts of N fixed in above-ground biomass of acacia trees were close (35-39 kg N ha(-1)) at 39 months after planting. %Ndfa values were higher during the wet summer than the dry winter both in acacia monocultures and in mixed plantations. Conclusion The stocking density of acacia trees can be reduced in mixed plantations with eucalypts in comparison to acacia monocultures with a low influence on the input of N to soil through biological fixation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/20510-8 - Processos de transferência de n em curto e longo prazo em plantios mistos de Eucalyptus grandis e Acacia mangium
Beneficiário:Ranieri Ribeiro Paula
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/16623-9 - Intensificação ecológica de plantações de eucaliptos pela associação com espécies leguminosas arbóreas fixadoras de nitrogênio
Beneficiário:José Leonardo de Moraes Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático