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Elemental and Sr-Nd-Pb isotope geochemistry of the Florianopolis Dyke Swarm (Parana Magmatic Province): crustal contamination and mantle source constraints

Texto completo
Marques, L. S. [1] ; De Min, A. [2] ; Rocha-Junior, V, E. R. ; Babinski, M. [3] ; Bellieni, G. [4] ; Figueiredo, A. M. G. [5]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Trieste, Dipartimento Matemat & Geosci, Via E Weiss 8, I-34127 Trieste - Italy
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Ctr Pesquisas Geocronol, Rua Lago 562, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Padua, Dipartimento Geosci, Via G Gradenigo 6, I-35100 Padua - Italy
[5] Inst Pesquisas Energet & Nucl, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 2242, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH; v. 355, n. SI, p. 149-164, APR 15 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 4

The Florianopolis Dyke Swarm is located in Santa Catarina Island, comprising also the adjacent continental area, and belongs to the Parana Magmatic Province (PMP). The dyke outcrops in the island are 0.1-70 m thick and most of them are coast-parallel (NE-SW trending), with subordinate NW-SE trending. The vast majority of the dykes has SiO2 varying from 50 to 55 wt% and relatively high-Ti (TiO2 > 3 wt%) contents and these rocks were divided using the criteria commonly used to distinguish the different magma-types identified in the volcanic rocks from the PMP. The Urubici dykes (Sr> 550 mu g/g) are the most abundant and some of them experienced crustal contamination reaching to 10%, as evidenced by low P2O5/K2O (0.30-0.21), high (Rb/Ba)(PM) (1.0-2.2), and radiogenic Sr and Pb isotope compositions (Sr-87/Sr-86(i) up to 0.70716 (back to 125 Ma) and Pb-206/Pb-204(m) up to 19.093). The Pitanga (Sr < 550 mu g/g) and the basaltic trachyandesite dykes are less abundant and almost all of them were also substantially affected by at least 15% of crustal assimilation, evidenced by high (Rb/Ba)PM (up to 2.6) and Sr (Sr-87/Sr-86(i) = 0.70737-0.71758) and Pb (Pb-206/Pb-204(m) = 18.446-19.441) isotope ratios, as well as low P2O5/K2O values (0.30-0.18). The low-Ti (TiO2 < 2 wt%) dykes are scarce and show a large compositional variability (SiO2: 50.4-64.5 wt%), with similar geochemical characteristics of the low-Ti volcanic rocks (Gramado-Palmas) from southern PMP, although the most primitive dykes show hybrid characteristics of Ribeira and Esmeralda magmas. The presence of granitic xenoliths with border reactions and dykes with diffuse contacts indicate that crustal contamination probably occurred by assimilation from re-melted the host rocks. Considering only the high-Ti Urubid dykes that were not affected by crustal contamination, the Sr, Nd and Pb isotope mixing modelling indicates the participation of a heterogeneous metasomatized (refertilized) subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM). This mantle source was originated by partial melting of a depleted sublithospheric mantle (DMM - Depleted Mantle MORB), which was hybridized by addition of pyroxenite (<5%) and carbonatite (up to 2%) melts. The isotope mixing modelling also points to a significant participation (up to 50%) of Archean SCLM, not evidenced in the mantle sources of the northern PMP high-Ti Pitanga flows (dominated by Neoproterozoic SCLM). (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/10081-9 - Os derrames e sills da regiao norte da provincia magmatica do parana: petrogenese e contexto geodinamico.
Beneficiário:Leila Soares Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/06082-6 - A província magmática Paraná-Etendeka no Brasil: relações temporais e petrológicas entre o magmatismo toleítico e alcalino e suas implicações geodinâmicas
Beneficiário:Excelso Ruberti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático