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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Neonatal Sleep Restriction Increases Nociceptive Sensitivity in Adolescent Mice

Autor(es):
Araujo, Paula [1] ; Coelho, Cesar A. [1] ; Oliveira, Maria G. [1] ; Tufik, Sergio [1] ; Andersen, Monica L. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Psicobiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Pain Physician; v. 21, n. 2, p. E137-E148, MAR-APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Background: Sleep loss in infants may have a negative effect on the functional and structural development of the nociceptive system. We tested the hypothesis that neonatal sleep restriction induces a long-term increase of pain-related behaviors in mice and that this hypersensitivity occurs due to changes in the neuronal activity of nociceptive pathways. Objectives: We aim to investigate the effects of sleep loss in neonatal mice on pain behaviors of adolescent and adult mice in a sex-dependent manner. We also analyzed neuroanatomical and functional changes in pain pathways associated with behavioral changes. Study Design: An experimental animal study. Setting: A basic sleep research laboratory at Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo in Brazil. Methods: Neonatal mice at postnatal day (PND) 12 were randomly assigned to either control (CTRL), maternal separation (MS), or sleep restriction (SR) groups. MS and SR were performed 2 hours a day for 10 days (PND 12 until PND 21). The gentle handling method was used to prevent sleep. At PND 21, PND 35, or PND 90, the mice were tested for pain-related behaviors. Their brains were harvested and immunohistochemically stained for c-Fos protein in the anterior cingulate cortex, primary somatosensory cortex, and periaqueductal gray (PAG). Results: Neonatal SR significantly increased nociceptive sensitivity in the hot plate test in adolescent mice (-23.5% of pain threshold). This alteration in nociceptive response was accompanied by a decrease in c-Fos expression in PAG (-40% of c-Fos positive cells compared to the CTRL group). The hypersensitivity found in adolescent mice was not present in adult animals, and all mice showed a comparable nociceptive response. Limitations: Even using a mild manipulation method, in which a minimal amount of handling was applied to maintain wakefulness, sleep deprivation was a stressful event evidenced by higher corticosterone levels. Conclusion: Repeated exposures to sleep loss during early life were able to induce changes in the nociceptive response associated with alterations in neural activity in descending control of pain. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/17619-0 - Análise de rede da aprendizagem do medo condicionado ao contexto na ausência do hipocampo
Beneficiário:Cesar Augusto de Oliveira Coelho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/50130-0 - Estudo do sistema nociceptivo de camundongos submetidos a restrição de sono durante o período neonatal
Beneficiário:Paula Cristina Alves Araújo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto