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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Chronic high glucose and insulin stimulate bone-marrow stromal cells adipogenic differentiation in young spontaneously hypertensive rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Chaves Neto, Antonio H. [1] ; Brito, Victor G. B. [1, 2] ; Landim de Barros, Thamine [1, 2] ; do Amaral, Caril C. F. [1, 2] ; Sumida, Doris H. [1, 2] ; Oliveira, Sandra H. P. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Basic Sci, Sch Dent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Dent, Programa Posgrad Multictr Ciencias Fisiol SBFIs, Dept Basic Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Cellular Physiology; v. 233, n. 9, p. 6853-6865, SEP 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

We evaluated whether genetic predisposition is sufficient to induce changes due to chronic high glucose (HG; 25mmol/L) in the presence or absence of insulin (HGI; 10g/ml) on osteogenic differentiation and markers in bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) from young Wistar (WBMSCs) and spontaneous hypertensive rats (SBMSCs) without hypertension. HG suppressed osteogenic differentiation in both the strains, observed by mineralization inhibition and decreased levels of the osteogenic markers Runx2, osterix, osteopontin, and bone sialoprotein, compared to osteogenic medium (OM) cells. In WBMSCs, the effects of HG were associated with the down regulation of ERK1/2 and up regulation of p38 activities; however, HGI did not revert the effects of HG on MAPK activities. Moreover, HG did not affect MAPK signaling in SBMSCs compared to that in OM. HGI increased mineralization in WBMSCs compared to that in OM, but not in SBMSCs. High expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma and glucose transporter type 4 in OM could be related with the predisposition to adipogenic differentiation noted in SBMSCs and was confirmed by emergence of adipocyte-like cells by HGI treatment. Downregulation of p38 and upregulation of JNK activities were observed in both BMSCs treated with HGI compared to those treated by HG. Ma (osmotic control) also suppressed osteogenic differentiation in both the strains. In conclusion, we demonstrated that SBMSCs from young spontaneous hypertensive rats, without hypertension but with genetic and epigenetic predisposition, exhibited decreased osteoblastic differentiation under HG and HGI did not revert the effects of HG in SBMSCs but increased adipogenic differentiation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/06070-5 - Estudo do fenótipo osteoblástico em células-tronco mesenquimais de ratos normotensos e espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR) na presença ou não de doença periodontal
Beneficiário:Sandra Helena Penha de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/19458-1 - Avaliação dos efeitos da alta concentração de glicose e da participação da via insulínica sobre a diferenciação in vitro em linhagem osteogênica de células-tronco mesenquimais da medula óssea de ratos espontaneamente hipertensos
Beneficiário:Sandra Helena Penha de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/02558-3 - Avaliação dos efeitos da alta concentração de glicose e da participação da via insulínica sobre a diferenciação in vitro em linhagem osteogênica de células-tronco mesenquimais da medula óssea de ratos espontaneamente hipertensos
Beneficiário:Antonio Hernandes Chaves Neto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado