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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

First insights on the bacterial fingerprints of live seahorse skin mucus and its relevance for traceability

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Autor(es):
Cohen, Felipe P. A. [1, 2] ; Pimentel, Tania [3, 4, 5] ; Valenti, Wagner C. [1, 2] ; Calado, Ricardo [3, 4, 5]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Campus Litoral Paulista, BR-11330900 Sao Vicente, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Ctr Aquicultura CAUNESP, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro - Portugal
[4] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro - Portugal
[5] Univ Aveiro, ECOMARE, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro - Portugal
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Aquaculture; v. 492, p. 259-264, JUL 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Developing a technique to trace the geographic origin of live seahorses is paramount to increase trade regulation and foster conservation. The present study evaluated for the first time the suitability of using bacterial fingerprints present in live seahorse skin mucus to trace their origin. Bacterial 16S rDNA fragments were retrieved from seahorse mucus in a non-invasive and non-destructive way, with their profile (fingerprint) being determined using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Bacterial fingerprints were compared among seahorses: (1) originating from different geographic origins sampled at the same period; (2) originating from the same location but sampled one month apart; and (3) originating from specimens in the wild and after being stocked in captivity for 40 and 80 days. Similarities in bacterial fingerprints were determined using hierarchical cluster analysis. Results showed that geographic location affected the bacterial fingerprints of wild seahorses and that specimens sampled in the same location displayed a higher level of similarity. This finding supports that this methodological approach holds the potential to reveal local signatures and trace the origin of live seahorses. Bacterial communities from wild seahorses varied over short-time periods, with this natural variability being a potential constraint that may limit the comparison of specimens collected over long periods. Bacterial fingerprints displayed by wild specimens significantly shifted after 40 days in captivity, with a higher level of similarity being recorded for seahorses after 40 or 80 days in captivity, than when compared with those displayed in the wild. This stabilization of the bacterial community under captive conditions shows the potential that bacterial fingerprints may hold for aquaculture, as these can be used as unique signature to trace seahorses to their production facility. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/18050-0 - Análise do perfil de comunidade bacteriana associada ao muco como método de rastreabilidade para cavalos-marinhos
Beneficiário:Felipe Pereira de Almeida Cohen
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/22260-4 - Cultivo de cavalo-marinho em tanques-rede como alternativa comercial para comunidades litorâneas de baixa renda
Beneficiário:Felipe Pereira de Almeida Cohen
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado