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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Heart rate recovery fast-to-slow phase transition: Influence of physical fitness and exercise intensity

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Bartels, Rhenan [1] ; Prodel, Eliza [2, 3] ; Laterza, Mateus C. [2, 3] ; de Lima, Jorge Roberto P. [2, 3] ; Pecanha, Tiago [4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, COPPE, Biomed Engn Program, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Juiz de Fora, Cardiovasc Res Unit & Exercise Physiol, Univ Hosp, Juiz De Fora - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Juiz de Fora, Fac Phys Educ & Sports, Juiz De Fora - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANNALS OF NONINVASIVE ELECTROCARDIOLOGY; v. 23, n. 3 MAY 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

BackgroundPostexercise heart rate (HR) recovery presents an exponential decay, with two distinct phases: a fast phase, characterized by abrupt decay of HR, and determined by parasympathetic reactivation; and a slow phase, characterized by gradual decay of HR, and predominantly determined by sympathetic withdrawal. Although several methods have been proposed to assess postexercise HR recovery, none of those methods selectively assesses the time of transition from the fast to the slow phase of the HR recovery curve (HRRPT), and the magnitude of decay prior to (HRRFP) and after this point (HRRSP). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to propose a method to identify HRRPT, HRRFP, and HRRSP and to verify the effects of exercise intensity and physical fitness on such parameters. MethodsTen healthy young participants (243years; 23.61.7kg/m(2)) randomly underwent two exercise sessions (30min of cycling), at moderate (MI) and high intensity (HI); followed by 5min of inactive recovery. HR was continuously recorded during the sessions. The algorithm for HRRPT analysis was written in Python and is freely available online. ResultsHRR(PT) and HRRSP were increased in HI session compared with MI (81 +/- 24 vs. 60 +/- 20s; 8 +/- 10 vs. 1 +/- 5bpm; p=.04), and there was no difference in HRRFP between sessions (49 +/- 15 vs. 46 +/- 10bpm; p=.17). In addition, HRRPT for MI exercise session was significantly and negatively associated with VO2max (r=-0.85, p<.05). ConclusionThe method herein presented was sensitive to exercise intensity, and partially responsive to aerobic fitness. Next studies should perform the pharmacological and clinical validations of the method. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/23319-0 - Disfunção autonômica cardiovascular em pacientes com artrite reumatoide: caracterização, associações com a doença e efeitos da interrupção do tempo sedentário
Beneficiário:Tiago Peçanha de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado