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Distribution patterns of loliginid squid paralarvae in relation to the oceanographic features off the South Brazil Bight (22 degrees-25 degrees S)

Texto completo
de Araujo, Carolina Costa [1, 2] ; Gasalla, Maria A. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Grad Program Oceanog, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Fisheries Ecosyst Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FISHERIES OCEANOGRAPHY; v. 27, n. 1, p. 63-75, JAN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2

Loliginid squids constitute marine resources of increasing importance in shelf ecosystems off the coast of South Brazil. However, the existing information and knowledge about the occurrence of early-life stages and causes of distributional patterns are insufficient. Here, we have revisited Brazilian historical plankton samples obtained from 11 oceanographic surveys to identify paralarvae and their abundances over time. The study area and time period cover the region between Cabo de SAo Tome (22 degrees S) and Cananeia (25 degrees S) at depths down to 200m from 1991 to 2005. Of the 246 paralarvae quantified, similar to 50% were identified to the genus or species level, including Doryteuthis spp. (D.sanpaulensis and D.plei), Lolliguncula brevis and a single specimen of Pickfordiateuthis pulchella. Paralarval occurrence and abundance peaked in different areas and were associated with distinct oceanographic conditions: D.sanpaulensis occurred in the northern region associated with cold waters and upwelling events, D.plei occurred primarily in the southern region of the study area and in warmer waters, and L.brevis was found in shallow and low salinity waters in the estuarine region off the coast of Santos. Overall, the highest abundance of paralarvae occurred in the nearshore, northernmost areas during summer, and this can be associated with the observed retention mechanisms caused by local circulation, seasonal upwelling, the intrusion of nutrient-rich waters, and spawning peaks. The present study provides new information and evidence for loliginid patterns in the area that may potentially be useful for better understanding the recruitment patterns and fishery assessments of squid populations. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/50183-6 - A lula (Cephalopoda: Loliginidae) como recurso da pesca no litoral norte do estado de São Paulo: dinâmica populacional, oceanografia pesqueira e a dimensão humana associada
Beneficiário:Maria de Los Angeles Gasalla
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular