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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A new species of xylophylic fireworm (Annelida: Amphinomidae: Cryptonome) from deep-sea wood falls in the SW Atlantic

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Barroso, Romulo [1] ; Kudenov, Jerry D. [2] ; Halanych, Kenneth M. [3] ; Saeedi, Hanieh [4, 5] ; Sumida, Paulo Y. G. [6] ; Bernardino, Angelo F. [7]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Pontificia Univ Catolica Rio de Janeiro, Dept Biol, Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] Univ Alaska Anchorage, Dept Biol Sci, 3211 Providence Dr, Anchorage, AK 99508 - USA
[3] Auburn Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Auburn, AL 36849 - USA
[4] Senckenberg Res Inst, Senckenberganlage 25, D-60325 Frankfurt - Germany
[5] Nat Hist Museum, Dept Marine Zool, Senckenberganlage 25, D-60325 Frankfurt - Germany
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Praca Oceanog, BR-19105508 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed Espirito Santo, Dept Oceanog, Grp Ecol Bent, Av Fernando Ferrari 514, BR-29075910 Vitoria, ES - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS; v. 137, p. 66-75, JUL 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Wood-falls are an abundant source of food to the deep-sea along continental margins that host high species diversity and specialized food webs. The colonization and degradation of wood-falls by specialist and generalist infauna has been increasingly recognized as an important factor affecting alpha and beta diversity in the deepsea. Here we describe a new `fireworm' species of the genus Cryptonome, family Amphinomidae (Annelida), which was recently discovered in experimental wood-falls of the deep SW Atlantic. Currently, Cryptonome is represented by only three species, including two restricted to the Mediterranean Sea (C. turcica and C. conclava) and a third historically characterized as `circumtropical' (C. parvecarunculata); all are associated with submerged wood. Our new taxon possesses harpoon chaetae with two rows of barbs; Cryptonome is here emended to include this character and its ontogenetic variation. The presence of multiple barb-rows on harpoon notochaetae is noteworthy since, until now, this feature was thought to be unique to the genus Amphinome. Cryptonome barbada sp. nov. represents the first report of this genus for deep-sea wood-falls in the SW Atlantic and differs from its congeners by the presence of harpoon notochaetae with two barb-rows, and the absence of both eyes and spurred notocapillaries. The assembled complete mitochondrial genome of C. barbada sp. nov. is herein presented and has an identical gene order and high similarity in base composition with previous amphinomid mtDNA data. Mitochondrial CO1 and 16S sequences of C. barbada sp. nov. were compared with those of related taxa with available sequences, further supporting the placement of this new species within the genus Cryptonome. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50185-1 - Biodiversidade e conectividade de comunidades bênticas em substratos orgânicos (ossos de baleia e parcelas de madeira) no Atlântico Sudoeste Profundo - BioSuOr
Beneficiário:Paulo Yukio Gomes Sumida
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático