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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Synergism Between Payments for Water-Related Ecosystem Services, Ecological Restoration, and Landscape Connectivity Within the Atlantic Forest Hotspot

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Autor(es):
Rother, Debora C. [1, 2] ; Vidal, Cristina Y. [3, 2] ; Fagundes, Isabella C. [3, 2] ; da Silva, Michel Metran [4] ; Gandolfi, Sergius [3] ; Rodrigues, Ricardo R. [3] ; Nave, Andre G. [3] ; Viani, Ricardo Augusto G. [5] ; Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Forest Sci, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Biol Inst, Dept Plant Biol, Monteiro Lobato Ave 255, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Lab Ecol & Forest Restorat, Dept Biol Sci, Piracicaba - Brazil
[4] Minist Publ Estado Sao Paulo, Grp Atuacao Especial Defesa Meio Ambiente GAEMA P, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[5] Fed Univ Sao Carlo, Ctr Agr Sci, Lab Forestry & Forest Res, Araras, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: TROPICAL CONSERVATION SCIENCE; v. 11, p. 1-9, JUL 6 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Environmental legislation has fostered ecological restoration programs worldwide, but few studies have reported the outcomes for landscape connectivity. Here, we investigated the contribution of forest restoration programs planned to comply with the Brazilian Forest Code for increasing forest cover and landscape connectivity in agricultural landscapes of south-eastern Brazil. We gathered data for 85 landscapes and 2,408 rural properties, totalizing 748,601 ha of farmlands within the Atlantic Forest biome and its ecotone with Cerrado, two global hotspots for biodiversity conservation. Together, rural properties account for 50,783 ha of native vegetation deficit found on Areas of Permanent Protection (APPs). On the basis of this, we performed a landscape connectivity analysis by simulating scenarios in accordance with the requirements of the legislation for two sugarcane mills that are already under ongoing restoration efforts. We evaluated the relative changes promoted by restoring all deforested riparian buffers within APPs, as determined by the Forest Code. The simulation of restoration at the property-level resulted in the reconnection of isolated forest patches, reducing their number in the landscape and increasing their overall and core size. At the sugarcane mill level, the restoration of riparian forests increased the index of connectivity. Despite these benefits, final forest cover (remnant plus restored forests) would still be reduced (< 20%-the minimum forest cover on the private land to comply with the environmental law) in most landscapes and insufficient to conserve species sensitive to forest fragmentation. The mandatory restoration of riparian buffers plays a relevant role for improving landscape connectivity in human-modified tropical landscapes, but this strategy shall be complemented by other approaches to increase forest cover and landscape connectivity to mitigate the enormous species extinction debt accumulated for tropical forests. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50718-5 - Restauração ecológica de florestas ciliares, de florestas nativas de produção econômica e de fragmentos florestais degradados (em APP e RL), com base na ecologia de restauração de ecossistemas de referência, visando testar cientificamente os preceitos do Novo Código Florestal Brasileiro
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático