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Plucking with the plectrum: phylogeny of the New World buthid scorpion subfamily Centruroidinae Kraus, 1955 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) reveals evolution of three pecten-sternite stridulation organs

Esposito, Lauren A. [1, 2, 3, 4] ; Yamaguti, Humberto Y. [5] ; Pinto-da-Rocha, Ricardo [5] ; Prendini, Lorenzo [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Calif Acad Sci, 55 Mus Concourse Dr, San Francisco, CA 94118 - USA
[2] Amer Museum Nat Hist, Div Invertebrate Zool, Cent Pk West & 79th St, New York, NY 10024 - USA
[3] CUNY, Grad Sch, 365 5th Ave, New York, NY 10016 - USA
[4] CUNY, Univ Ctr, 365 5th Ave, New York, NY 10016 - USA
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Zool, Inst Biociencias, Rua Matao, Travessa 14, 321, Caixa Postal 11461, BR-05422970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ARTHROPOD SYSTEMATICS & PHYLOGENY; v. 76, n. 1, p. 87-122, 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2

All New World buthid scorpions except one South American genus, Ananteris Thorell, 1891. comprise a monophyletic group. The monophyly of two subfamilies. Centruroidinae Kraus. 1955 (=Rhopalurusinae Bucherl, 1971) and Tityinae Buched, 1971, proposed to accommodate a subset of these genera, has never been tested. The genera accommodated within Centruroidinae are diverse and poorly defined. Prior to the research presented here, Rhopalurus Thorell, 1876 had a disjunct distribution in the Greater Antilles, the Guiana Shield of northern South America, and northeastern Brazil, where Physoctonus Mello-Leitao. 1934 and Troglorhopalurus Lourenco et al., 2004 also occur. The generic distinction between Rhopalurus and Centruroides Marx. 1890, the most speciose genus of Centruroidinae, distributed from the midwestern United States to northern South America, and throughout the Caribbean, was also unclear. Previous studies suggested Centruroides was paraphyletic with respect to Rhopalurus and vice versa. The study presented here, the first rigorous test of the monophyly of Centruroidinae and its component genera, is based on 90 morphological characters and 4,260 aligned base-pairs of DNA sequence from three mitochondrial and two nuclear DNA loci for 102 terminal taxa, representing 24 species in seven ingroup genera, and nine species in three outgroup genera. Molecular and morphological data, analyzed separately and simultaneously, yielded congruent results. Centruroidinae was monophyletic whereas Tityinae was paraphyletic. Centrumides was monophyletic whereas Rhopalurus was paraphyletic, comprising several monophyletic groups congruent with its disjunct distribution. The results of this analysis justify the redefinition of Rhopalurus and Troglorhopalurus, the revalidation of Heteroctenus Pocock, 1893, and the recently created genera Ischnotelson Esposito et al., 2017 and Jaguajir Esposito et al., 2017. The phylogeny indicates that three distinct types of pecten-sternite stridulation organ evolved in Heteroctenus, Jaguajir and Rhopalurus. (AU)