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The consequences of seasonal fasting during the dormancy of tegu lizards (Salvator merianae) on their postprandial metabolic response

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Gavira, Rodrigo S. B. [1] ; Sartori, Marina R. [1] ; Gontero-Fourcade, Manuel N. [2] ; Gomes, Bruna F. [3] ; Abe, Augusto S. [1] ; Andrade, Denis V. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Consejo Invest Cient & Tecn, Inst Multidisciplinario Invest Biol San Luis, RA-5700 San Luis - Argentina
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Experimental Biology; v. 221, n. 8 APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Tegu lizards (Salvator merianae) aestivate for up to 5 months during Brazil's winter, when they retreat to burrows and halt most activities. Dormant tegus reduce their gastrointestinal (GI) mass, which allows a substantial energy economy. This strategy, however, implies that the first post-dormancy digestion would be more costly than subsequent feeding episodes as a result of GI atrophy. To address this, we determined the postprandial metabolic response (SDA) of the first (M1), second (M2) and several (RM) feeding episodes after tegus' dormancy. Another group of tegus (PF) was subjected to an extra 50 day fasting period after arousal. Glucose, triglycerides and uric acid levels were checked before and after feeding. M1 digestion lasted twice as long and cost twofold more when compared with M2 or RM, in agreement with the idea that GI atrophy inflates digestion cost at the first post-dormancy meal. The SDA response was similar in M2 and RM, suggesting that the GI tract was fully reorganized after the first feeding. The SDA cost was equal in PF and RM, implying that the change in state per se (dormant to arousal) triggers the regrowth of GI, independently of feeding. Fasting tegus at M1 presented higher triglyceride and lower uric acid levels than fed tegus, indicating that fasting is mainly sustained by fat storage. Our results show that seasonal fasting imposes an extra digestion cost to tegus following their next feeding, which is fully paid during their first digestion. This surplus cost, however, is negligible compared with the overall energetic savings from GI tract atrophy during the dormancy period. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/16537-0 - Controle cardiovascular autonômico e metabolismo em embriões lagartos (Reptilia; Lepidosauria)
Beneficiário:Marina Rincon Sartori
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/15697-4 - Influência de parâmetros climáticos e ecofisiológicos na distribuição de serpentes do gênero Bothrops
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Samuel Bueno Gavira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/09647-1 - Efeitos da ontogenia e dieta sobre o crescimento e a fisiologia digestiva do lagarto teiú, Salvator merianae
Beneficiário:Bruna de França Gomes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 08/57712-4 - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas em Fisiologia Comparada
Beneficiário:Augusto Shinya Abe
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/04190-9 - Fisiologia termal e balanço de água em anfíbios anuros ao longo de um gradiente altitudinal da Floresta Atlântica
Beneficiário:Denis Otavio Vieira de Andrade
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular