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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

MEASURING THE CONDUCTIVITY OF VERY DILUTE ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS, DROP BY DROP

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Martinez, Leandro
Número total de Autores: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Química Nova; v. 41, n. 7, p. 814-817, JUL 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Undergraduate experiments on ionic conductivity are common practice in general chemistry and advanced physical chemistry laboratories. Often, the conductivities are measured for solutions prepared for various salts, in a range of concentrations, and the relationship between solution conductivity and concentration is interpreted in terms of the Kohlrausch law. Contaminations can dominate the conductivity of the solutions such that students might obtain unsatisfactory results for analysis. here, the experience of using a simple experimental procedure to obtain the concentration dependence of ionic conductivities for very dilute (sub-millimolar) electrolyte solutions in undergraduate laboratories is described. The experiment consists of measuring the conductivity of solutions of increasing concentration prepared by dropping the electrolyte solution into an initial vessel of deionized water. The range of concentrations achieved is one in which the conductivities vary linearly with the concentrations, such that the molar conductivities can be obtained directly without the use of the Kohlrausch equation. The simplicity of the experimental procedure leads the students to obtain good quality results using minimal amounts of materials. Examples are presented for the conductivities of strong electrolytes, and :for the weak acetic acid electrolyte, for which the conductivity is dependent on the degree of dissociation also for dilute solutions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/05475-7 - Métodos computacionais de otimização
Beneficiário:Sandra Augusta Santos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/16947-9 - Estrutura, dinâmica e função em proteínas: simulação computacional e desenvolvimento de algoritmos
Beneficiário:Leandro Martinez
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/08293-7 - CECC - Centro de Engenharia e Ciências Computacionais
Beneficiário:Munir Salomao Skaf
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs