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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Mesenteric arteries from stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats exhibit an increase in nitric-oxide-dependent vasorelaxation

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Autor(es):
Wynne, Brandi M. [1, 2] ; Labazi, Hicham [1, 3] ; Lima, Victor V. [4, 1] ; Carneiro, Fernando S. [1, 5] ; Webb, R. Clinton [1] ; Tostes, Rita C. [1, 5] ; Giachini, Fernanda R. [4, 1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Augusta Univ, Med Coll Georgia, Dept Physiol, Augusta, GA 30912 - USA
[2] Emory Univ, Dept Med, Nephrol, Atlanta, GA 30322 - USA
[3] Nationwide Childrens Hosp, Res Inst, Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Columbus, OH 43205 - USA
[4] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, Inst Biol Sci & Hlth, BR-78600000 Barra Do Garcas, MT - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Pharmacol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology; v. 96, n. 8, p. 719-727, AUG 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The endothelium is crucial for the maintenance of vascular tone by releasing several vasoactive substances, including nitric oxide (NO). Systemic mean arterial pressure is primarily regulated by the resistance vasculature, which has been shown to exhibit increased vascular reactivity, and decreased vasorelaxation during hypertension. Here, we aimed to determine the mechanism for mesenteric artery vasorelaxation of the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP). We hypothesized that endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) is upregulated in SHRSP vessels, increasing NO production to compensate for the endothelial dysfunction. Concentration-response curves to acetylcholine (ACh) were performed in second-order mesenteric arteries; we observed decreased relaxation responses to ACh (maximum effect elicited by the agonist) as compared with Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) controls. Vessels from SHRSP incubated with N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester and (or) indomethacin exhibited decreased ACh-mediated relaxation, suggesting a primary role for NO-dependent relaxation. Vessels from SHRSP exhibited a significantly decreased relaxation response with inducible NO synthase (iNOS) inhibition, as compared with WKY vessels. Western blot analysis showed increased total phosphorylated NF-kappa B, and phosphorylated and total eNOS in SHRSP vessels. Overall, these data suggest a compensatory role for NO by increased eNOS activation. Moreover, we believe that iNOS, although increasing NO bioavailability to compensate for decreased relaxation, leads to a cycle of further endothelial dysfunction in SHRSP mesenteric arteries. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/52214-6 - Contribuição do estresse oxidativo e enzimas NADPH oxidases (NOXes) para as lesões vasculares e renais associadas ao diabetes
Beneficiário:Rita de Cassia Aleixo Tostes Passaglia
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular