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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Hypercapnia-induced active expiration increases in sleep and enhances ventilation in unanaesthetized rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Leirao, Isabela P. [1] ; Silva, Carlos A. [1] ; Gargaglioni, Luciane H. [1] ; da Silva, Glauber S. F. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ FCAV UNESP, Dept Anim Morphol & Physiol, Coll Agr & Vet Sci, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON; v. 596, n. 15, p. 3271-3283, AUG 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Expiration is passive at rest but becomes active through recruitment of abdominal muscles under increased respiratory drive. Hypercapnia- induced active expiration has not been well explored in unanaesthetized rats. We hypothesized that (i) CO2-evoked active expiration is recruited in a state-dependent manner, i.e. differently in sleep or wakefulness, and (ii) recruitment of active expiration enhances ventilation, hence having an important functional role in meeting metabolic demand. To test these hypotheses, Wistar rats (280-330 g) were implantedwith electrodes for EEG and electromyography EMG of the neck, diaphragm (DIA) and abdominal (ABD) muscles. Active expiratory events were considered as rhythmic ABD(EMG) activity interposed to DIA(EMG). Animals were exposed to room air followed by hypercapnia (7% CO2) with EEG, EMG and ventilation ((V)over dot(E)) recorded throughout the experimental protocol. No active expiration was observed during room air exposure. During hypercapnia, CO2-evoked active expiration was predominantly recruited during non-rapid eyemovement sleep. Its increased occurrence during sleep was evidenced by the decreased DIA-to-ADB ratio (1: 1 ratio means that eachDIA event is followed by an ABD event, indicating a high occurrence of ABD activity). Moreover, (V) over dot(E) was also enhanced (P < 0.05) in periods with active expiration. (V) over dot(E) had a positive correlation (P < 0.05) with the peak amplitude of ABD(EMG) activity. The data demonstrate strongly that hypercapnia-induced active expiration increases during sleep and provides an important functional role to support. (V) over dot(E) in conditions of increased respiratory demand. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/17606-9 - Serotonina e controle respiratório em vertebrados
Beneficiário:Glauber dos Santos Ferreira da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 14/12190-1 - Serotonina e controle respiratório em vertebrados
Beneficiário:Glauber dos Santos Ferreira da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 15/04926-0 - Papel da rafe bulbar na modulação da expiração ativa durante hipercapnia em diferentes estados de alerta (sono e vigília)
Beneficiário:Carlos Aparecido da Silva Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 16/11061-9 - Expiração ativa e ciclo sono-vigília: participação da rafe bulbar
Beneficiário:Isabela de Paula Leirão
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica