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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effect of sward height on the fermentability coefficient and chemical composition of Guinea grass silage

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Tomaz, P. K. [1] ; de Araujo, L. C. [1] ; Sanches, L. A. [1] ; dos Santos-Araujo, S. N. [1] ; de Lima, T. O. [1] ; Lino, A. de A. [1] ; Ferreira, E. M. [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Engn, Campus Ilha, Solteira, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Ponta Grossa, Ponta Grossa, PR - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE; v. 73, n. 3, p. 588-598, SEP 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

There is a high correlation between sward height and pasture sward structure. Therefore, in tropical grasslands, taking sward height into account has been a much better strategy in rotational stocking management than considering pre-defined days of growth. Similarly, sward height could be used to determine the moment when tropical grasses present the best ensilability parameters. This study aimed to identify the sward height at which Panicum maximum cv. Mombaca (Guinea grass) provides the highest fermentability coefficient (FC) and to define the combination of additives that best improves the chemical composition of silage. Two trials were carried out in Selviria, MS, Brazil, from 2015 to 2016. The first year was used to identify the highest FC, and the second year was used to identify the best combination of eight additives (citrus pulp {[}CIP], homofermentative and heterofermentative LAB, their combinations and control). Statistical analyses were performed using SAS (p<.05), and one contrast was defined as silage with CIP vs. silage without CIP. The height of 130cm resulted in the highest FC (31.01). Silages inoculated with CIP had better quality than silages without CIP, due to the high crude protein (8.3 vs. 7.3% DM), DM recovery (98.6 vs. 93.3% DM), low pH (3.92 vs. 4.91) and NH3-N values (2.49 vs. 14.73% total N). Sward height is a consistent parameter for determining the time of ensiling Guinea grass, and the inclusion of CIP is necessary to raise the silage quality. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/10356-0 - Altura de planta como estratégia de colheita do capim-mombaça para ensilagem associada ou não a diferentes combinações de aditivos
Beneficiário:Leandro Coelho de Araujo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular