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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Spatio-temporal analysis of the occurrence of human visceral leishmaniasis in Aracatuba, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Autor(es):
Moralejo Bermudi, Patricia Marques [1] ; Guirado, Marluci Monteiro [2] ; Colebrusco Rodas, Lilian Aparecida [3] ; Dibo, Margareth Regina ; Chiaravalloti-Neto, Francisco [4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Programa Posgrad Saude Publ, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Superintendencia Controle Endemias, Lab Vetores Sao Jose do Rio Preto, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Superintendencia Controle Endemias, Serv Reg 9, Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Epidemiol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical; v. 51, n. 4, p. 452-460, JUL-AUG 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Introduction: This study aimed to describe the occurrence of human visceral leishmaniasis in Aracatuba with regard to time and space and to identify high risk areas. Methods: We included all human visceral leishmaniasis autochthonous cases reported between 1999 and 2015. The incidence rates were calculated by sex, age, and year. The human visceral leishmaniasis cases were geocoded and grouped by urban census tracts, enabling the calculation of the incidence and mortality rates by census tracts. For the identification of high risk areas, we utilized the scan statistics and univariate Ripley's K-function. Results: The incidence presented a cyclic pattern in 1999-2009, with peaks in 2002 and 2007 (30.1 and 19.6 cases per 100,000 inhabitant-years, respectively). In 2010-2015, the incidence remained relatively stable with about 2.0 cases per 100,000 inhabitant-years. The scan statistics detected two spatial clusters of high risk and three spatio-temporal clusters of high risk that lasted from 2001 to 2008. A spatial autocorrelation was observed in the human visceral leishmaniasis case point distribution in 1999-2009. No spatio-temporal clusters and no spatial autocorrelation in the case point pattern were identified in 2010-2015. Conclusion: We identified a changing pattern of human visceral leishmaniasis occurrence in Aracatuba: the first period (1999-2009) showed a cyclic pattern, clusters, and presence of spatial dependence in the case point distribution; the second period (2010-2015) showed the lowest rates of all historical series, stable incidence, and cases with a random distribution pattern. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/17764-6 - Estudo da expansão da leishmaniose visceral zoonótica no estado de São Paulo e avaliação das ações de controle nos municípios de Araçatuba e Birigui
Beneficiário:Francisco Chiaravalloti Neto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular