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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Survival of Steinernema feltiae in different formulation substrates: Improved longevity in a mixture of gel and vermiculite

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Leite, Luis G. [1] ; Shapiro-Ilan, David I. [2] ; Hazir, Selcuk [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] APTA, Inst Biol, CP 70, BR-13001970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] USDA ARS, SEFTNRL, Byron, GA 31008 - USA
[3] Adnan Menderes Univ, Fac Arts & Sci, Dept Biol, Aydin - Turkey
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOLOGICAL CONTROL; v. 126, p. 192-197, NOV 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) have been commercially produced as biopesticides, but nematode products still face significant barriers related to preservation and formulation. This study assessed the performance of seven different formulation substrates and two combinations involving vermiculite and gel, to preserve Steinernema feltiae at three temperatures: 15 degrees C, 25 degrees C and 35 degrees C. The first two experiments assessed the survival and mobility of S. feltiae infective juveniles (IJs) in mushroom compost (Hobin Wood Landscaping Products), peat (sphagnum peat moss), Potting mix (Metro Mix (R)), polyacrylamide gel, diatomaceous earth, vermiculite, and water (control). A third experiment assessed the survival of IJs in combinations of the two best substrates selected from the prior tests: vermiculite, polyacrylamide gel (1.33%), double polyacrylamide gel (2.66%), vermiculite+gel (1.33%), vermiculite+double gel (2.66%), and water (control). The greatest IJ fitness at 35 degrees C and 25 degrees C was observed in peat and vermiculite, respectively, and at 15 degrees C the gel and water treatments were superior. In general, vermiculite and polyacrylamide gel were the two best substrates considering that they provided the best results at 25 degrees C and 15 degrees C. The polyacrylamide gel formulation held higher numbers of nematodes in the substrate compared with the solid substrates. The mixture of vermiculite+double polyacrylamide gel provided the best preservation at 35 degrees C compared to the substrates tested separately. The combination of vermiculite with polyacrylamide gel preserves S. feltiae IJs with viability higher than 80% for at least 30 days at 35 degrees C, 233 days at 25 degrees C, and 241 days at 15 degrees C. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/00651-4 - Produção massal in vitro de nematoides entomopatogênicos: seleção de meios, produção bifásica, formulação e aproveitamento do resíduo industrial
Beneficiário:Luís Garrigós Leite
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa