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Ventilation-induced changes correlate to pulmonary vascular response and VEGF, VEGFR-1/2, and eNOS expression in the rat model of postnatal hypoxia

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Figueira, R. L. [1] ; Goncalves, F. L. [1] ; Prado, A. R. [1] ; Ribeiro, M. C. [1] ; Costa, K. M. [1] ; Castro e Silva, O. [2] ; Sbragia, L. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Cirurgia & Anat, Lab Cirurgia Fetal & Neonatal, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Cirurgia & Anat, Lab Transplante Figado, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; v. 51, n. 11 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Neonatal asphyxia occurs due to reduction in oxygen supply to vital organs in the newborn. Rapid restoration of oxygen to the lungs after a long period of asphyxia can cause lung injury and decline of respiratory function, which result from the activity of molecules that induce vascular changes in the lung such as nitric oxide (NO) and vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF). In this study, we evaluated the pulmonary and vascular morphometry of rats submitted to the model of neonatal asphyxia and mechanical ventilation, their expression of pulmonary VEGF, VEGF receptors (VEGFR-1/VEGFR-2), and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). Neonate Sprague-Dawley rats (CEUA \#043/2011) were divided into four groups (n=8 each): control (C), control submitted to ventilation (CV), hypoxia (H), and hypoxia submitted to ventilation (HV). The fetuses were harvested at 21.5 days of gestation. The morphometric variables measured were body weight (BW), total lung weight (TLW), left lung weight (LLW), and TLW/BW ratio. Pulmonary vascular measurements, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, VEGF, and eNOS immunohistochemistry were performed. The morphometric analysis showed decreased TLW and TLW/BW ratio in HV compared to C and H (P < 0.005). Immunohistochemistry showed increased VEGFR-2/VEGF and decreased VEGFR-1 expression in H (P < 0.05) and lower eNOS expression in H and HV. Median wall thickness was increased in H, and the expression of VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, VEGF, and eNOS was altered, especially in neonates undergoing H and HV. These data suggested the occurrence of arteriolar wall changes mediated by NO and VEGF signaling in neonatal hypoxia. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/09951-5 - Avaliação da via do óxido nítrico no modelo experimental de asfixia neonatal em ratos ventilados
Beneficiário:Maíra Cristina Ribeiro Andrade
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 11/12587-0 - Avaliação in vivo do efeito do corticóide e da ventilação na via do óxido nítrico sobre a expressão do VEGF e seus receptores pulmonares após a oclusão traqueal fetal na hérnia diafragmática congênita em ratos
Beneficiário:Frances Lilian Lanhellas Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado