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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Marginal coral reefs show high susceptibility to phase shift

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Autor(es):
Cruz, Igor C. S. [1, 2] ; Waters, Linda G. [1] ; Kikuchi, Ruy K. P. [2] ; Leao, Zelinda M. A. N. [2] ; Turra, Alexander [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Lab Manejo Ecol & Conservacao Marinha, Dept Oceanog Biol, Praca Oceanog, Sala 112, BR-05508012 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Bahia, Inst Geociencias, Dept Oceanog, Rua Barrio Geremoabo, S-N Ondina, BR-40170115 Salvador, BA - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Marine Pollution Bulletin; v. 135, p. 551-561, OCT 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Phase shift, resulting from coral reef degradation, has been frequently recorded on reefs in optimal conditions, while marginal reefs were considered more resistant due to few records. Noting the lack of marginal reef phase shift studies, we quantitatively assessed their geographic extent in the Southwest Atlantic. Using metadata and a calculated phase shift index, we identified phase shifts from corals to both zoanthid and macroalgal dominance. Positive correlations existed between phase shift and local human impacts for zoanthids: proximity to human populations > 100,000 inhabitants, urbanized surfaces and dredged ports and a negative relationship to the endurance of SST > 1 degrees C above normal. Macroalgal shifts positively correlated to ports and urbanized surfaces, higher latitudes and shore proximity, indicating a possible link to nutrient runoff. The high frequency of these phase shifts suggests greater degradation than reported for Caribbean reefs, suggesting that marginal reefs do not have higher natural resistance to human impacts. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/17815-0 - Desenvolvimento metodológico para detecção de mudanças de fase em recifes de corais a partir de sensores ópticos instalados em drone
Beneficiário:Igor Cristino Silva Cruz
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado