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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Seasonal and event-driven changes in the phytoplankton communities in the Araca Bay and adjacent waters

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ciotti, Aurea M. [1] ; Ferreira, Amabile [1] ; Giannini, Maria F. C. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Biol Marinha CEBIMar, Lab Aquarela, Rodovia Manuel Hipolito do Rego Km 131, 5, BR-11612779 Sao Sebastiao, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Victoria UVic, Geog Dept, Remote Sensing & Spectral Lab, 3800 Finnerty Rd, Victoria, BC V8P5C2 - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT; v. 164, n. SI, p. 14-31, OCT 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Biomass and composition of phytoplankton are reported for the Araca Bay (AB) and adjacent waters in the Sao Sebastiao Channel (SSC) in relation to physical-chemical variables. The AB has unequivocal ecological and socioeconomic importance but it is under current anthropic pressures that are expected to increase. Needed future management programs require establishing the natural scales of variability of the phytoplankton communities and main drivers. In this study, samplings were conducted every 5-6 weeks from September 2013 to August 2014 to evaluate the extent to which AB and SSC differ in time. The approach was: 1) to compare nutrient concentration and phytoplankton abundance and composition found at AB and adjacent SSC waters; 2) to associate significant changes in nutrient concentration and in phytoplankton composition with time and main meteo-oceanographic processes, such as changes in wind direction or intrusions of upwelled South Atlantic Central Water (SACW). Sampling design included two parallel sections of oceanographic stations (inside and outside AB) that were repeated in the morning and afternoon for 3 consecutive days. Temperature, salinity and chlorophyll-a fluorescence were measured vertically, and discrete water samples were collected for analyses of inorganic nutrients, chlorophyll (Chia) and enumeration of selected groups of phytoplankton. SSC water masses characteristics showed clear seasonality but also a significant hourly to daily variability driven by changes in wind speed and direction. Nutrients and Chla varied mainly on a scale of days, as did phytoplankton abundances and compositions and all variables compared were consistently higher at AB. Samplings were characterized in four groups: 1) warm and stratified waters, 2) cold and homogenous waters, 3) low salinity waters, and 4) an intermediary condition between groups 1 and 3. Diatoms were numerically important, including the potential bloom forming Pseudo-nitzschia spp, which were more frequent during warm and stratified conditions, when SACW intrusions were observed. Occurrences of Asterionellopsis spp and Trichodestniurn spp were associated with changes in wind direction. Future monitoring programs in the region should combine short-time coastal observations and near-real-time regional hydrodynamic models. The results raise the awareness for the increasing urban expansion, inefficient sewage treatment and changes in the hydrodynamics of AB. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50317-5 - Biodiversidade e funcionamento de um ecossistema costeiro subtropical: subsídios para gestão integrada
Beneficiário:Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/06282-8 - Modelos de produção primária a partir da fluorescência da clorofila-a parametrizados segundo a estrutura da comunidade fitoplanctônica
Beneficiário:Maria Fernanda Coló Giannini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/16854-9 - A concentração de clorofila-a na Baía do Araçá e no Canal de São Sebastião
Beneficiário:Carla Cristina Berlocher
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico