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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Virulence potential of commensal multidrug resistant Escherichia coli isolated from poultry in Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ferreira, Joseane Cristina [1] ; Casarin Penha Filho, Rafael Antonio [2] ; Yorika Kuaye, Ana Paula [1] ; Andrade, Leonardo Neves [1] ; Chang, Yung-Fu [3] ; Costa Darini, Ana Lucia [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Sch Agr & Vet Sci, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[3] Cornell Univ, Coll Vet Med, Ithaca, NY 14853 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INFECTION GENETICS AND EVOLUTION; v. 65, p. 251-256, NOV 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

There is an increasing number of reports worldwide about multidrug resistance (MDR) with potential of ExPEC in commensal E. coli. The present study evaluated the potential ExPEC in selected 44 MDR E. coli isolates, collected from livestock. ExPEC isolates were characterized by analysis of five main groups of virulence genes (papA and/or papC, sfa and/or foc, afa and/or dra, kpsMT II and iutA). We also determined the increased virulence potential analyzing other 29 virulence genes, the epidemiology of these isolates. Additionally, fifteen ExPEC isolates were selected to evaluate the adhesion and invasion capacity in vitro using Caco-2 cells. Based on the analysis of the five main virulence genes, 72.7% (32/44) strains were classified as ExPEC. The presence of each gene was iutA 88.6%, KpsMT II 70.4%, papC 25%, sfa/focDE 4.5%; afa/draBC genes were not found. All E. coli isolates were classified into: phylogenetic groups A (34%), B1 (10%), B2 (20%), and D (36%). MLST revealed 7 different STs among isolates, including a new ST identified (ST5687). The in vitro assay in Caco-2 cells showed that all isolates were capable to adhere or invade the epithelial cells, although this occurred at variable levels. The ExPEC isolate LO122 reached similar levels of invasion to the positive control strain Salmonella Typhimurium LT2. These results showed that the apparently commensal microbiota of poultry harbors MDR ExPEC isolates with high adhesion and invasion potential. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/00620-0 - Avaliação do potencial vacinal de proteínas recombinantes para proteção contra Salmonella enterica e do uso de citocinas de aves (Gallus Gallus) como adjuvantes e imunoterápicos
Beneficiário:Rafael Antonio Casarin Penha Filho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 14/14494-8 - Epidemiologia molecular de bactérias gram-negativas e genética da resistência a antibióticos
Beneficiário:Ana Lúcia da Costa Darini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático