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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Synthesis of biolubricant by transesterification of palm kernel oil with simulated fusel oil: Batch and continuous processes

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ceron, Annie A. [1] ; Vilas Boas, Renata N. [1] ; Biaggio, Francisco C. [1] ; de Castro, Heizir F. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Engn Sch Lorena, BR-12602810 Lorena, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOMASS & BIOENERGY; v. 119, p. 166-172, DEC 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Simulated fusel oil containing a mixture of ethyl (11.2%), butyl (10.6%) and isoamyl alcohols (78.2%) was used to obtain lubricant esters from palm kernel oil by enzymatic route using lipase from Burkholderia cepacia immobilized on epoxy matrix silica-hydroxyethyl cellulose as a biocatalyst. Runs were performed under both batch and continuous mode to determine the influence of oil-to alcohol molar ratio on the ester concentrations using as a model isoamyl alcohol as acyl acceptor. The optimum oil to alcohol molar ratio was 1:4 and high isoamyl esters formation (99 wt%) was attained in 48 h (batch runs) and 8 h of space-time (continuous runs). Such conditions were used to perform the transesterification reactions from palm kernel oil with simulated fusel oil rendering similar results. The kinematic viscosities at 40 degrees C confirmed the high conversion by modifying the initial palm kernel oil viscosity from 30.13 mm(2)s(-1) to values ranging from 3 to 6 mm(2)s(-1). The viscosity index was 149.22 +/- 2.11 and the oxidative stability was 23.85 +/- 1.65 min. Also, the biocatalyst was found to be stable revealing half-life time (t(1)(/2)) of about 38 days. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/10636-8 - Da fábrica celular à biorrefinaria integrada Biodiesel-Bioetanol: uma abordagem sistêmica aplicada a problemas complexos em micro e macroescalas
Beneficiário:Roberto de Campos Giordano
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático